Shefali Shah

Shefali Shah
Born Name: Shefali Shetty
Date of Birthday: 22 May 1973
Place of Birth: Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Nationality: Indian
Education: Arya Vidya Mandir
Occupation: Actress, Dubbing artist
Spouse: Vipul Amrutlal Shah (m. 2000), Harsh Chhaya (m. 1997–2001)
Parents: Sudhakar Shetty, Shobha Shetty​
Children: 2

Shefali Shah (born Shefali Shetty on 22 May 1973) is an Indian actress of Hindi films, television and web series. After making her film debut with a minor role in the 1995 drama Rangeela, she played a supporting role in the crime film Satya. Her performance in Satya received critical praise and won her the Best Actress (Critics) and a Best Supporting Actress nomination at the 44th Filmfare Awards. She was later nominated for Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performances in the family dramas Waqt: The Race Against Time (2005) and Dil Dhadakne Do (2015).

In 2007, she received critical acclaim and won the National Film Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance in The Last Lear. She, along with the main cast of Dil Dhadakne Do also won the Screen Award for Best Ensemble Cast.

Early and personal life
Shefali Shah (née Shetty) was born 22 May 1973 in Mumbai. She is the only child of Mangalorean Sudhakar Shetty, a banker at Reserve Bank of India (RBI), and his Gujarati wife Shobha, a homeopathy doctor. Shah is fluent in Tulu, Hindi, English, Marathi and Gujarati.

Shah grew up in Santa Cruz, Mumbai at the RBI quarters, where she attended Arya Vidya Mandir School. While she was inclined to the arts as a child, including singing and dancing (she is trained in Bharatanatyam), she did not find particular interest in acting. Her first stint with acting happened on Gujarati stage when she was aged 10; her school teacher's playwright husband asked Shah's mother if she would permit her daughter to play a character based on Damien Thorn from The Omen (1976). Shah played the part upon her mother's consent and would not act again until several years later. After her schooling, she enrolled at Mithibai College in Vile Parle, opting to study science, but spent most of her studential days working in theatre.

Shah was married to television actor Harsh Chhaya from 1994 to 2000. In December 2000, she married director Vipul Amrutlal Shah, with whom she has two sons, Aryaman and Maurya.

In addition to acting, Shah is fond of painting and cooking. Finding painting therapeutic, she says it gives her the creative outlet she craves when not acting in films. She trained for six months at Last Ship, an artists' residency in Bandra, and in 2016 took a course at Metàfora, an art school in Barcelona, Spain. Working mostly with acrylic on canvass as well as charcoal and ink, Shah focuses on perspective art, namely "the marriage of perspective with architectural designs" of places she has visited. She cites Mark Rothko and Jackson Pollock as her sources of inspiration. One of her paintings was on display at Jehangir Art Gallery in Mumbai at an exhibition held by Art for Concern, where it was eventually sold, while a solo show at The Monalisa Kalagram in Pune in 2017 was, by her own admission, unsuccessful.

Shah opened a restaurant named Jalsa in Ahmedabad, Gujarat in 2021, which serves both Indian and international cousines and offers customers different cultural and recreational activities, from pottery and henna decoration to musical performances such as Garba. She directly supervises its cuisine, some of which is based on her home recipes, as well as decor, having designed some of its interiors, including walls hand-painted by her. The restaurant's second outlet was opened in Bangalore, and was positively reviewed by Lifestyle Asia.

Early theatre and television work
Shah's acting career began with work in inter-collegiate plays in Gujarati. Her work included roles in several stage dramas including Ant Vagarni Antakshari and Doctor Tame Pan?. A 1995 piece by Rasa magazine reported that Shah had proved her abilities to become one of the stars of Gujarati theatre. In one of the plays, she was brought to the attention of a team member of the TV serial Campus who suggested that she audition for a part in it. She was accepted following a screen test. This was followed by several other serials, including the popular Zee TV shows Tara and Banegi Apni Baat (both 1993-1997), as well as Naya Nukkad (1993-1994) on Doordarshan and Daraar (1994-1995) on Zee TV.

1995 marked Shah's first film appearance in Ram Gopal Varma's Rangeela (1995), in a brief role. A few days into shooting, she realised the part was different from what she was set up for, and she walked out of sets as she felt cheated. She was reluctant to work in motion pictures after that, and the roles she was offered were mostly small character parts. She continued working in TV series, including and Doordarshan's Aarohan (1996-1997) and Sea Hawks (1997-1998). Arohan, starring and produced by Pallavi Joshi, tells the story of a woman who joins the Indian Navy.

Breakthrough with Hasratein and Satya
In 1997, Shah replaced Seema Kapoor in the TV series Hasratein (1996-1999) after over 120 episodes, to play her first lead role as Savi, a married woman who runs an extramarital affair with another married man. Based on the Marathi novel Adhantari, the show was popular with audiences and attracted attention for its commentary on the institution of marriage. India Today describes it as "one of the prime productions that changed the face of Indian television". The character of Savi, a mature woman with grown up children, was significantly older in age than Shah. Given the age differences, she persuaded director Ajay Sinha to cast her. Bhavya Sadhwani of IndiaTimes attributed the show's success with viewers mainly to the "impeccable acting skills" demonstrated by Shah in the part. The serial gained wider public recognition for Shah, and she called it a milestone in her career. Her performance earned earned her the Zee Woman of the Year award in 1997. Another lead role was given to her in Mahesh Bhatt's weekend soap Kabhie Kabhie (1997), which aired on StarPlus.

In 1998, she was offered a small part in Ram Gopal Varma's crime thriller Satya, which revolves around the Mumbai underworld. Having been disappointed in her previous collaboration with Varma on Rangeela, she was hesitant on accepting it but found it special and made sure to receive thorough information about it. In a seven-minute role, she played Pyaari Mhatre, the wife of a mafia gangster played by Manoj Bajpayee. Their roles were said to be modelled after Arun Gawli and his wife Asha Gawli. Shah said she instinctively recognised her part and knew exactly how to play it. Satya opened to commercial success and major critical acclaim, and Shah's performance in it was favourably reviewed. Anupama Chopra of India Today wrote that Shah and her co-actors "are so good that you can almost smell the Mumbai grime on their sweaty bodies". For her portrayal, Shah won the Screen Award for Best Supporting Actress. At the 44th Filmfare Awards, she was nominated for the Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress and was awarded the Critics Award for Best Actress.

Despite the positive reaction to her work in Satya, Shah did not receive as many film offers as she expected. Following Hasratein, Shah starred in its successor on Zee TV's prime-time spot, the soap opera Raahein (1999). The show was met with approval from viewers and critics alike. She played Preeti, a woman caught between her love life and career ambitions. In contrast to Shah's previous roles, the character of Preeti was 22 years old. Shailaja Bajpai of The Indian Express commended Shah's acting talent but thought she was less suitable for such a young-aged part, concluding that she is "brilliantly miscast". During this period she was one of the co-hosts on the musical game show Antakshari opposite Annu Kapoor. Among other projects on television, she acted in several episodes of the anthology series Rishtey (1999–2001), including the well-received Highway.

In 1999, she was cast in a Gujarati film Dariya Chhoru, made by her future husband Vipul Shah. The film was named Best Film at the Gujarat State Film Awards, where Shah won the Best Actress award.

Recognition for character roles (2000–2009)
Shah's work in the 2000s started with a short appearance in Aditya Chopra's 2000 romance Mohabbatein. A year later, she was cast in Mira Nair's international co-production Monsoon Wedding,[a] a comedy-drama which chronicles the reunion of a large Punjabi family for a wedding. Shah played Rhea Verma, an orphaned young woman, aspiring writer and a survivor of child sexual abuse, a character she considered as the most complex in the film. The film opened to considerable international acclaim, receiving the Golden Lion at the 58th Venice International Film Festival and nominations for Best Foreign Language Film at the BAFTA and Golden Globe Awards. Elvis Mitchell of The New York Times singled out Shah's part, and Saibal Chatterjee of Hindustan Times wrote that she "taps into the depths of a difficult character with amazing ease". The film was a significant box-office success, earning over $33 million against its $1.2-million budget.

Shah worked again under her husband Vipul's direction in the family melodrama Waqt: The Race Against Time (2005), playing Amitabh Bachchan's wife and Akshay Kumar's mother. She was considered for the part following Bachchan's suggestion against her husband's hesitation. Her casting in the role of a middle-aged mother to Kumar, who in reality is five years her senior, attracted considerable coverage. She defended her choice of the part, saying she admired the character's traits and found particular challenge in the significant age differences. Her portrayal of Sumitra Thakur, a strict mother who encourages her husband to take extreme measures to discipline their irrensponsible son, earned her a second Filmfare nomination for Best Supporting Actress. Derek Elley of Variety and Ziya Us Salam of The Hindu commended her subtle and composed acting, and Subhash K. Jha of The Times of India argued that "it's Shefali Shah as Amitabh Bachchan's wife whose expressive eyes conveying spousal and matriarchal pain that you come home with". She followed with a small role in Aparna Sen's English-language drama 15 Park Avenue (2005).

In 2007, Shah was lauded for her work in two films: Feroz Abbas Khan's biographical film Gandhi, My Father and Rituparno Ghosh's English-language film-within-a-film drama The Last Lear. An Indo-British co-production, Gandhi, My Father features Shah in the role of Kasturba Gandhi, who is torn by the lifelong conflict between her husband Mahatma Gandhi and son Hiralal (played by Darshan Jariwala and Akshaye Khanna, respectively). Portraying the character from Kasturba's early adulthood to old age, Shah lost weight to look the part. Khalid Mohamed of Hindustan Times called her performance "magnificent" and Roshmila Bhattacharya of Screen described her as "brilliant, her sparkling glances, eloquent silences and drooping shoulders effectively conveying the hopelessness and helplessness of a parent whose child has gone astray". She was awarded the Best Actress prize at the Tokyo International Film Festival and the Critics Award for Best Actor – Female at the 2008 Zee Cine Awards.

The Last Lear revolves around a Shakespearean theatre actor (played by Amitabh Bachchan). Shah played his troubled and irritable caregiver and live-in partner, a role she considered her best yet, alongside Preity Zinta and Divya Dutta. The film premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival where it was well-received. Rajeev Masand of CNN-IBN wrote of "the manner she goes from spiteful to soothing" throughout the film, and Sukanya Verma of took note of Shah's commanding presence. The film was named Best Feature Film in English at the 55th National Film Awards, where Shah won the Best Supporting Actress award for what was cited by the jury as an "aggressive portrayal of a Bengali housewife who in time becomes more tolerant of her aging husband's many eccentric guests".

Intermittent work on stage and screen (2008–2016)
Subhash Ghai's crime thriller Black & White (2008) stars Shah as Roma Mathur, a Bengali activist and the wife of an Urdu professor (Anil Kapoor). The film follows the couple's acquaintance with a disguised Islamic fundamentalist plotting a suicide attack at the Red Fort. The film generated mixed reviews and so did Shah's performance, which Khalid Mohamed found to be "unusually hammy". Two years later, in view of the lack of substantial film work that would realise her acting potential, Shah's husband Vipul cast her in his Hindi stage production Bas Itna Sa Khwab, directed Chandrakant Kulkarni. Based on Kulkarni's Marathi play Dhyanimani, it marked Shah's return to the stage after a decade in the role of a middle-class housewife opposite Kiran Karmarkar. Authors Sunil Kant Munjal and S.K. Rai, in the book All the World is a Stage, lavished her performance: "Those who have not seen Shefali Shah on stage have missed seeing one of the best live performers in this country. For the entire length of a two-hour play she draws the audience in, making them believe her story is part of their story too, that her pain is something they feel too."

After appearing as a psychiatrist in the thriller Karthik Calling Karthik in 2010, Shah was cast in the lead part of her husband's production Kucch Luv Jaisaa the following year. She played a young housewife who spends a romantic day with a criminal on the run from prison (Rahul Bose). To prepare for the part, Shah visited the Thane Jail and interacted with prisoners to attain better understanding of her character's experience. The film opened to a lukewarm critical response, with critics Subhash K. Jha and Mihir Fadnavis observing that Shah struggles with material that was written with little conviction. Her efforts were better received by Mayank Shekhar, who found her "startlingly expressive" and commended her for exuding "the kind of vulnerability and warmth that’s rare to match". Three years later, Shah played Jyoti, a brothel madam in Nagesh Kukunoor's social problem film Lakshmi, alongside Monali Thakur. Based on the true story of a teenager who is kidnapped and sold into a brothel in Hyderabad, Lakshmi released to a positive critical reception for its harshly realistic depiction human trafficking and child prostitution. Sudhish Kamath appreciated Shah's performance in a complex role.

In 2015, Shah starred in Zoya Akhtar's comedy-drama Dil Dhadakne Do alogside Anil Kapoor as her husband, and Priyanka Chopra and Ranveer Singh as her children. The story is about a wealthy, dysfunctional family who embark on a cruise to celebrate the 30th wedding anniversary of the parents; Shah played Neelam Mehra, the passive-aggressive matriarch caught in a marriage of convenience and hiding her eating disorder. Shah loved the script and the character but was initially apprehensive about accepting another part of a middle-aged woman and playing a mother to Chopra and Singh; she eventually relented on her husband's advice. The film was one of the highest-grossing Hindi films of 2015. A scene where an emotionally collapsing Neelam is seen binging on a cake in front of the mirror was particularly noted by critics. Subhash K. Jha found Shah's performance the most effective of the ensemble cast, arguing she "brings to her character an unfussy pitch-perfection rarely seen in mainstream cinema". She received her third Best Supporting Actress nomination for the film, and was awarded the Stardust Award for Best Supporting Actress as well as a Screen Award for Best Ensemble Cast along with her co-stars in the film.

In Brothers (2015), Karan Malhotra's remake of the 2011 sports drama Warrior, Shah had a small supporting role. Her character Maria Fernandes is presented in flashbacks as a woman who accepts her adulterous husband's illegitimate child. The film generated mixed-to-negative reviews, Vishal Menon of The Hindu thought she had a role which required copious crying but The Hollywood Reporter found her performance heartbreaking. Shah voiced the character of Raksha in the Hindi version of the Disney live-action feature The Jungle Book (2016). She next played the fictional part of India's Minister of Home Affairs Leena Chowdhury in the action thriller Commando 2: The Black Money Trail.

Critical acclaim in leading roles (2017–present)
In 2017, Shah acted in Juice, a short film about gender inequality in middle-class Indian families. Directed by Neeraj Ghaywan, it stars Shah as Manju Singh, a woman who, after hours spent in the kitchen, acts in defiance of her inconsiderate husband. Both the film and Shah's performance received favourable reviews. Critics noted her ability to communicate emotions through gestures and expressions, with Kriti Tulsiani writing that her "unfazed gazes convey more than words will ever say". The film won two Filmfare Short Film Awards at the 63rd Filmfare Awards: Best Film (fiction) and Best Actress for Shah. In years to follow, she credited Juice as the first of several films that helped propel her career forward. In Once Again (2018), an Indo-German Netflix romance film, Shah was cast in the lead as a widowed middle-aged restaurateur who falls in love with an ageing film star played by Neeraj Kabi. Shah said she had long awaited a film of the sort, describing herself as "an incurable romantic". She received compliments for her performance, and her chemistry with Kabi drew positive notice. Deepa Gahlot of Financial Chronicle appreciated the film's subtlety and took note of Shah's expressive eyes revealing her inner state, an opinion shared by other critics.

"Each episode [in Delhi Crime] moves along at a lightning fast pace and at the centre of it is the brilliant Shefali Shah, who is like a tornado that blows through every scene and leaves a permanent mark. It needed a great actress to bring the writing to life and Shefali more than delivers in what is one of the finest performances you will see this year."
—Priya Mulji of Eastern Eye on Shah's performance in Delhi Crime (2019)

Shah's second collaboration with Netflix took place in the 2019 procedural miniseries Delhi Crime, which was written and directed by Richie Mehta. Based on the aftermath of the 2012 Delhi gang rape, the show stars Shah as Vartika Chaturvedi, a South Delhi Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP) who is assigned to investigate a brutal gang rape in Delhi. The character was modelled after former Delhi DCP Chhaya Sharma. Shah found the part "emotionally, physically, mentally" consuming and would often interact with Sharma throughout filming to learn more about the character. The series opened to universally positive reviews from critics, and Shah's performance met with widespead acclaim. Dorothy Rabinowitz of The Wall Street Journal commended Shah for "a movingly understated and complex performance" and Namrata Joshi of The Hindu wrote: "Shah is on top of her game, conflicted yet sure of herself, vulnerable but strong, swayed by emotions yet never giving in to them, bristling equally with anger, concern, disappointments and dejection." Delhi Crime was named Best Drama Series at the 48th International Emmy Awards, and won four Asian Academy Creative Awards, including Best Drama Series and Best Actress for Shah. She hailed the show as a turning point in her life, saying it reassured filmmakers to cast her in primary parts and heralded the busiest period of her career.

In 2020, Shah experimented with writing and directing in two self-starring COVID-19-based short films, Someday and Happy Birthday Mummy Ji. In Someday, which marked her directorial debut, she played a frontline healthcare worker who returns home for a seven-day quarantine due to the pandemic and spends time interacting through a door with her elderly mother, who suffers from Alzheimer’s disease. Shah conceived the story based on memories from her mother who had turned caregiver to her grandmother, and shot the film with a five-member crew at her residence over a period of two days. The film premiered at the 51st USA Film Festival and was later screened at the 18th Indian Film Festival Stuttgart in Germany. Shah similarly wrote the script of Happy Birthday Mummy Ji drawing upon her own life experiences and believed her central character in it "represents all the women you know". A single-character film, it opened to positive reviews and attracted some notice for a masturbation scene played by Shah.

The 2021 Netflix original anthology film Ajeeb Daastaans, comprising four short stories, featured Shah in the fourth segment Ankahi, directed by Kayoze Irani. She played Natasha, an unhappily married woman who struggles with her teenaged daughter's hearing loss and falls in love with a hearing-impaired photographer, played by Manav Kaul. She studied sign language in preparation for the part and revealed to have grown so emotionally invested in the story that it left her heartbroken when filming ended. Ankahi was well-received by critics, with particular emphasis placed on Shah and Kaul's performances.

In 2022, Shah starred in Human, a medical streaming television series. Directed by her husband for Disney+ Hotstar, the show explores the nexus between pharmaceutical companies and large private hospitals who conduct human trials for new drugs on lower-class citizens. She played Dr. Gauri Nath, a powerful and ruthlessly ambitious neurosurgeon with a traumatic childhood who owns Manthan, a self-founded multi-specialty hospital. Shah found the negative character of Gauri to be unlike anyone she had ever known. Hindustan Times described Gauri as one of the best characters on Indian digital series yet, calling her an "incredibly disturbed sociopath" and "a vicious snake singularly committed to building her business". Critics reacted positively to Shah's turn, noting her composed demeanor and hushed tone in the part. Later in the year, Shah starred opposite Vidya Balan in the social thriller Jalsa, an Amazon Prime feature film. Her part is that of Rukhsana, a maid whose daughter becomes the victim of a hit-and-run accident. The film was reviewed positively, and Shah received rave reviews for her internal performance. Anuj Kumar of The Hindu commended her performance and character: "At the cost of repeating oneself, the depth of Shefali’s eyes and the emotions that they could hold continues to bewitch and baffle. Her Rukhsana is that vulnerable maid from the margins who makes an attempt to hold on to a life of dignity."

Shah is also starring in Doctor G opposite Ayushmann Khurrana and Rakul Preet Singh and also working opposite Alia Bhatt in the upcoming movie Darlings. Shefali has the second season of Delhi Crime lined up.

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Categories: Indian film actresses, Indian television actresses, 1973 births, Actresses from Mumbai, Actresses in Hindi cinema, Best Supporting Actress National Film Award winners, 20th-century Indian actresses, Actresses in Hindi television, 21st-century Indian actresses
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