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Flag of Pennsylvania
Coat of arms of Pennsylvania

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

Use: Civil and state flag
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: 1907; 112 years ago
Design: Coat of Arms of Pennsylvania on a blue field

The coat of arms of Pennsylvania is an official emblem of the state, alongside the seal and state flag, and was adopted in 1778. The flag of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania consists of a blue field on which the state coat of arms is embroidered. The Pennsylvania coat of arms features a shield crested by an American bald eagle, flanked by horses, and adorned with symbols of Pennsylvania's strengths—a ship carrying state commerce to all parts of the world; a clay-red plough, a symbol of Pennsylvania's rich natural resources; and three golden sheaves of wheat, representing fertile fields and Pennsylvania's wealth of human thought and action. An olive branch and cornstalk cross limbs beneath—symbols of peace and prosperity. The state motto, "Virtue, Liberty and Independence", appears festooned below. Atop the coat of arms is a bald eagle, representing Pennsylvania's loyalty to the United States.

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
Flag of Pennsylvania State seal of Pennsylvania
Flag Seal
Keystone State; Quaker State
Motto(s): Virtue, Liberty and Independence
State song(s): "Pennsylvania"
Map of the United States with Pennsylvania highlighted
Official language None
Spoken languages English 90.15%
Spanish 4.09%
German (Including Pennsylvania German) 0.87%
Chinese 0.47%
Italian 0.43%
Demonym Pennsylvanian
Capital Harrisburg
Largest city Philadelphia
Largest metro Delaware Valley
Area Ranked 33rd
• Total 46,055 sq mi
(119,283 km2)
• Width 283 miles (455 km)
• Length 170 miles (273 km)
• % water 2.7
• Latitude 39° 43′ to 42° 16′ N
• Longitude 74° 41′ to 80° 31′ W
Population Ranked 5th
• Total 12,807,060 (2018)
• Density 284/sq mi (110/km2)
Ranked 9th
• Median household income $59,195 (25th)
• Highest point Mount Davis
3,213 ft (979 m)
• Mean 1,100 ft (340 m)
• Lowest point Delaware River at Delaware border
Sea level
Before statehood Province of Pennsylvania
Admitted to the Union December 12, 1787 (2nd)
Governor Tom Wolf (D)
Lieutenant Governor John Fetterman (D)
Legislature General Assembly
• Upper house State Senate
• Lower house House of Representatives
U.S. Senators Bob Casey Jr. (D)
Pat Toomey (R)
U.S. House delegation 9 Democrats
8 Republicans
1 Vacant (list)
Time zone Eastern: UTC −5/−4
ISO 3166 US-PA
Abbreviations PA, Pa., Penn., Penna.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Categories: Symbols of Pennsylvania,United States state coats of arms,Coats of arms with horses,United States state flags,Coats of arms with eagles,Coats of arms with ships,Coats of arms with ploughs,Coats of arms with wheat,Coats of arms with maize,Coats of arms with olive branches, Pennsylvania,1787 establishments in the United States,Mid-Atlantic states,Northeastern United States,States and territories established in 1787,States of the United States,States of the East Coast of the United States

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