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Flag of Maryland

Use: Civil and state flag
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: March 9, 1904; 115 years ago
Design: Heraldic banner of George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore
The official flag of the state of Maryland consists of the 17th century heraldic banner with the colors and shield from the coat of arms of the Calvert-Crossland families of Sir George Calvert, the first Lord Baltimore (1579–1632). The flag was officially adopted by the General Assembly of Maryland (state legislature) in 1904.

Current design
The black and gold design on the flag is the coat of arms from the Calvert line. It was granted to George Calvert as a reward for his storming a fortification during a battle (the vertical bars approximate the bars of the palisade). The red and white design is the coat of arms of the Crossland family from South Crosland in West Yorkshire in England, the family of Lord Baltimore's mother, and features a cross bottony with the red and white sides of the cross alternating. Since George Calvert's mother was an heiress, he was entitled to use both coats of arms in his banner. It is one of only four U.S. state flags that does not contain the color blue (the other three being Alabama, California, and New Mexico). It is also the only US state flag to be directly based on English heraldry, although the flag of Washington, D.C., is a modification of the coat of arms of George Washington's family.


State of Maryland
Flag of Maryland State seal of Maryland
Flag Seal
"Old Line State", "Free State", "Little America", "America in Miniature"
Motto(s): "Fatti maschii, parole femine"
(English: "Strong Deeds, Gentle Words") The Latin text encircling the seal:
Scuto bonæ voluntatis tuæ coronasti nos ("With Favor Wilt Thou Compass Us as with a Shield") Psalm 5:12
State song(s): ""Maryland, My Maryland" (1861, adopted 1939)"
Map of the United States with Maryland highlighted
Official language None (English, de facto)
Demonym Marylander
Capital Annapolis
Largest city Baltimore
Largest metro Baltimore-Washington Metro Area
Area Ranked 42nd
• Total 12,407 sq mi
(32,133 km2)
• Width 196 miles (315 km)
• Length 119 miles (192 km)
• % water 21
• Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N
• Longitude 75° 03′ W to 79° 29′ W
Population Ranked 19th
• Total 6,042,718 (2018)
• Density 619/sq mi (238/km2)
Ranked 5th
• Median household income $80,774 (2017) (2nd)
• Highest point Hoye-Crest
3,360 ft (1024 m)
• Mean 350 ft (110 m)
• Lowest point Atlantic Ocean
Sea level
Before statehood Province of Maryland
Admitted to the Union April 28, 1788 (7th)
Governor Larry Hogan (R)
Lieutenant Governor Boyd Rutherford (R)
Legislature General Assembly of Maryland
• Upper house Senate of Maryland
• Lower house House of Delegates of Maryland
U.S. Senators Ben Cardin (D)
Chris Van Hollen (D)
U.S. House delegation 7 Democrats
1 Republican (list)
Time zone Eastern: UTC −5/−4
ISO 3166 US-MD
Abbreviations MD, Md.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Categories: Symbols of Maryland,United States state flags,Flags of Maryland,Flags introduced in 1904,1904 establishments in Maryland,Maryland,States and territories established in 1788,States of the United States,Mid-Atlantic states,States of the East Coast of the United States,1788 establishments in the United States

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