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Flag of Alabama

Name: none
Adopted: February 16, 1895; 124 years ago
Design: St. Andrew's saltire in a field of white

The current flag of the state of Alabama (the second in Alabama state history) was adopted by Act 383 of the Alabama state legislature on February 16, 1895:

The flag of the State of Alabama shall be a crimson cross of St. Andrew on a field of white. The bars forming the cross shall be not less than six inches broad, and must extend diagonally across the flag from side to side." – (Code 1896, §3751; Code 1907, §2058; Code 1923, §2995; Code 1940, T. 55, §5.)

The cross of St. Andrew referred to in the law is a diagonal cross, known in vexillology as a saltire. Because the bars must be at least six inches (150 mm) wide, small representations of the Alabama flag do not meet the legal definition.

State of Alabama
Flag of Alabama State seal of Alabama
Flag Seal
The Yellowhammer State, The Heart of Dixie, and The Cotton State
Motto(s): Latin: Audemus jura nostra defendere We dare defend our rights
State song(s): "Alabama"
Map of the United States with Alabama highlighted
Official language English
Spoken languages As of 2010[update]
  • English 95.1%
  • Spanish 3.1%
Demonym Alabamian
Capital Montgomery
Largest city Birmingham
Largest metro Greater Birmingham
Area Ranked 30th
• Total 52,419 sq mi
(135,765 km2)
• Width 190 miles (305 km)
• Length 330 miles (531 km)
• % water 3.20
• Latitude 30° 11' N to 35° N
• Longitude 84° 53' W to 88° 28' W
Population Ranked 24th
• Total 4,887,871 (2018)
• Density 94.7 (2011 est.)/sq mi (36.5 (2011 est.)/km2)
Ranked 27th
• Median household income $48,123 (46th)
• Highest point Mount Cheaha
2,413 ft (735.5 m)
• Mean 500 ft (150 m)
• Lowest point Gulf of Mexico
Sea level
Before statehood Alabama Territory
Admitted to the Union December 14, 1819 (22nd)
Governor Kay Ivey (R)
Lieutenant Governor Will Ainsworth (R)
Legislature Alabama Legislature
• Upper house Senate
• Lower house House of Representatives
U.S. Senators Richard Shelby (R)
Doug Jones (D)
U.S. House delegation 6 Republicans
1 Democrat (list)
Time zones
• most of state Central: UTC −6/−5
• Phenix City area Eastern: UTC −5/−4
ISO 3166 US-AL
Abbreviations AL, Ala.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Categories: United States state flags,Symbols of Alabama,Saltire flags,Flags of Alabama,Red and white flags,Flags introduced in 1895,1895 establishments in Alabama,Alabama,1819 establishments in the United States,Southern United States,States and territories established in 1819,States of the Confederate States,States of the Gulf Coast of the United States,States of the United States,U.S. states with multiple time zones

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