Flag of Vatican City

Flags of the World

Flag of Vatican City

Use: National flag
Proportion: 1:1
Adopted: 7 June 1929
Design: A vertical bicolour of gold and white; charged with the coat of arms of the Vatican City centred on the white portion

The flag
The flag consists of two vertical bands, one of gold or yellow (hoist side) and one of white with the crossed keys of Saint Peter and the Papal Tiara centered in the white band. The crossed keys consist of a golden and a silver key, in which the silver key is placed in the dexter position. It is one of only two square sovereign-state flags, the other being the flag of Switzerland.

The Vatican City coat of arms is present in the white half. The coat of arms consists of:

the papal tiara (as used under the pontificate of Pius XI);
the two keys which represent the Keys of Heaven (according to the Gospel of Matthew 16:19) given by Jesus Christ to St Peter. The popes are regarded as the successor of Peter, and the gold and silver keys have been significant elements in the symbolism of the Holy See since the 13th century. The gold represents spiritual power, while the silver key represents worldly power. The order of the keys on the coat of arms of Vatican City is the reverse of the coat of arms of the Holy See, in order to distinguish between the two entities.
a red cord connecting the keys.
The yellow and white of the flag also refer to the keys – in heraldic terminology, there is no distinction between yellow and gold (the metallic color or), nor between white and silver (argent). The Argent color has also been reported in relation with the white mountains of Lebanon and of the biblical city of Miye ou Miye according to the Lebanese Historian Anis Freiha.

The flag is flown or displayed worldwide in some Roman Catholic churches and institutions, sometimes alongside the national flag of where the church or institution is located.

  • Status Civitatis Vaticanae (Latin)
  • Stato della Città del Vaticano (Italian)
Flag of Vatican City
Coat of arms
Anthem: Inno e Marcia Pontificale (Italian)
"Pontifical Anthem and March"
Location of Vatican City (green) in Europe (dark grey)  –  [Legend]
Location of Vatican City (green)

in Europe (dark grey) – [Legend]

and largest city
Vatican City (city-state)
41°54.2′N 12°27.2′E / 41.9033°N 12.4533°E / 41.9033; 12.4533Coordinates: 41°54.2′N 12°27.2′E / 41.9033°N 12.4533°E / 41.9033; 12.4533
Official languages Italian
Roman Catholicism
Government Unitary absolute monarchy under an ecclesiastical and elective theocracy
• Sovereign
• Secretary of State
Pietro Parolin
• President of
the Governorate

Giuseppe Bertello
Legislature Pontifical Commission
Independencefrom the Kingdom of Italy
• Lateran Treaty
11 February 1929; 90 years ago
• Total
0.44 km2 (0.17 sq mi) (196th)
• 2017 estimate
1,000 (236th)
• Density
2,272/km2 (5,884.5/sq mi) (6th)
Currency Euro (€) (EUR)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
Driving side right
Calling code +379
ISO 3166 code VA
Internet TLD .va
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Flag History of Vatican City? | How old is Vatican City Flag Design formation? | How to call Vatican City?
Categories: Flags introduced in 1929,Vatican City culture,National flags,Religious flags,Christian symbols,Christian iconography,Vatican City,Southern European countries,States and territories established in 1929,World Heritage Sites in Europe,Countries in Europe,Christian states,Catholic pilgrimage sites,Holy cities,Properties of the Holy See,Monarchies of Europe,Catholic Church in Europe,Theocracies,City-states,Countries that are enclaves of Italy,Landlocked countries

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