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Flag of Turkmenistan

Name: Turkmen: Türkmenistanyň baýdagy
Түркменистаның байдагы
Use: National flag
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: February 19, 1992 (original version)
January 24, 2001 (current version)
Design: A green field with a vertical red stripe near the hoist side, containing five carpet guls stacked above two crossed olive branches; a white waxing crescent moon and five white five-pointed stars appear in the upper field, to the fly side of the red stripe

The national flag of Turkmenistan (Turkmen: Türkmenistanyň baýdagy, Түркменистаның байдагы) features a white crescent (symbol of Islam) and five stars representing the five regions of the country. Placed upon a green field is a symbolic representation of the country's famous carpet industry. It was introduced as the flag of Turkmenistan on September 27, 1992 to replace the Soviet-era flag which consisted of a red background with two light blue bars in the middle. The modified version with a 2:3 ratio was adopted on January 24, 2001.


It features a green field with a vertical red stripe near the hoist side, containing five carpet guls (designs used in producing rugs) stacked above two crossed olive branches similar to those on the flag of the United Nations; a white waxing crescent moon, typical of Turkic and Islamic symbology, and five white five-pointed stars appear in the upper corner of the field just to the fly side of the red stripe.

The green and red colors appear in this flag because they have been venerated historically by the Turkmen. The waxing crescent moon symbolizes the hope of the country for a shining future and the stars represent the five provinces (welayatlar) of Turkmenistan – Ahal, Balkan, Dashoguz, Lebap, and Mary.

The five traditional carpet designs along the hoist represent the five major tribes or houses, and form motifs in the country's state emblem and flag. These Turkmen tribes in traditional order (as well as top to bottom) are Teke (Tekke), Yomut (Yomud), Saryk (Saryq), Chowdur (Choudur), and Arsary (Ersary). The middle design may also represent the Salyr (Salor), a tribe that declined as a result of military defeat before the modern period.

The wreath was added against the rules of heraldry, breaking up the carpet pattern. It was added as an afterthought to represent the "status of permanent neutrality", which was accepted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 12, 1995.

Republic of Turkmenistan

Türkmenistan Respublikasy (Turkmen)
Flag of Turkmenistan
Anthem: "Garaşsyz Bitarap Türkmenistanyň Döwlet Gimni"
(English: "State Anthem of Independent, Neutral Turkmenistan")
Location of Turkmenistan (red)
Location of Turkmenistan (red)
and largest city
37°58′N 58°20′E / 37.967°N 58.333°E / 37.967; 58.333
Official languages Turkmen
Ethnic groups
  • 78.5% Turkmen
  • 9.4% Uzbek
  • 3.2% Russian
  • 2.7% Kazakh
  • 6.2% others
  • 93.7% Islam
  • 6.1% Christianity
  • 0.2% others
Demonym(s) Turkmen
Government Unitary presidential republic (de jure) under a one-party authoritarian dictatorship (de facto)
• President
Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow
• Vice President
Raşit Meredow
• Chairman of the Mejlis
Gülşat Mämmedowa
Legislature Mejlis
• Khanate of Khiva
• Turkestan ASSR
30 April 1918
• Turkmen SSR
13 May 1925
• Declared state sovereignty
22 August 1990
• Declared independence from the Soviet Union
27 October 1991
• Recognized
26 December 1991
• Current constitution
18 May 1992
• Total
491,210 km2 (189,660 sq mi) (52nd)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
5,662,544 (117th)
• Density
10.5/km2 (27.2/sq mi) (221st)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$112.659 billion
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
$42.764 billion
• Per capita
Gini (1998) 40.8
HDI (2017) Increase 0.706
high · 108th
Currency Turkmen new manat (TMT)
Time zone UTC+5 (TMT)
Driving side right
Calling code +993
ISO 3166 code TM
Internet TLD .tm
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Flag History of Turkmenistan? | How old is Turkmenistan Flag Design formation? | How to call Turkmenistan?
Categories: Flags of Turkmenistan,Flags introduced in 1992,Flags introduced in 1997,Flags with star and crescent,Flags introduced in 2001,National symbols of Turkmenistan,Turkmenistan,Iranian Plateau,Landlocked countries,Member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation,Member states of the United Nations,Modern Turkic states,Russian-speaking countries and territories,One-party states,States and territories established in 1991,Republics,Countries in Asia,Central Asian countries

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