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Syrian Arab Republic

Flag used by the Syrian Government
Use: National flag and ensign
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: 2 February 1958, abandoned on 28 September 1961;
readopted on 30 March 1980
Design: A horizontal tricolour of red, white, and black; charged with two green stars at the centre.
The current flag was first adopted in 1958 to represent Syria as part of the United Arab Republic, and was used until 1961. It was readopted in 1980. Since its first adoption, variations of the red-white-black flag have been used in various Arab Unions of Syria with Egypt, Libya, Sudan, Yemen, and Iraq. Although Syria is not part of any Arab state union, the flag of the United Arab Republic was readopted to show Syria's commitment to Arab unity. The usage of the flag has become disputed because it is often associated with the Ba'ath Party and has come to represent parties loyal to Bashar al-Assad's government in the Syrian civil war.

The Syrian flag is described in Article 6 of the Syrian Constitution. The first paragraph of the Article states:

The flag of the Syrian Arab Republic consists of three colours: red, white and black, with two green stars, of five angles each. The flag is rectangular, with its width measuring two thirds of its length. It is divided into three rectangles of identical dimensions and have the same length as the flag. The upper one is red, the middle being white and the bottom one is black, with the two green stars in the middle of the white rectangle.

—1st Paragraph of Article 6 of the Syrian Constitution

The flag is based on the Arab Liberation Flag, which had four colours - black, green, white and red - representing four major dynasties of Arab history: Abbasids, Faṭimids, Umayyads, and Hashimites.

Syrian National Coalition

Syrian Interim Government

Name: "Independence flag"
Use: National flag and ensign
Proportion: 2:3 (disputed)
Adopted: Originally in 1932 with 1:2 aspect ratio, was readopted in 1961. Adopted with 2:3 aspect ratio in 2012 by opposition government-in-exile (sometimes the original 1:2 aspect ratio flag is used unofficially)
Design: A horizontal triband of green, white, and black, with three red stars charged in the center.
During the ongoing civil war, the Syrian opposition, represented by the Syrian National Council, then by the National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces (commonly named the Syrian National Coalition) used a modified version of the independence flag first used in 1932 with a 2:3 aspect ratio. The modified independence flag began to be used as a universal display of the protesting opposition in late 2011. The opposition wanted to distinguish themselves from the current Syrian government and favoured the use of the flag used when Syria gained its independence from France. Khaled Kamal, an official from the Syrian National Council, now believes this flag to also represent independence and the end of Bashar al-Assad's government. Today the flag is mainly used in areas controlled by the Syrian National Coalition. The use of the modified independence flag is similar to the Libyan rebels' use of the pre-Gaddafi Libyan flag from the era of the Kingdom of Libya in opposition to Muammar Gaddafi's green flag. The original 1:2 aspect ratio flag has been used by the opposition unofficially on several occasions.

الجمهورية العربية السورية (Arabic)
al-Jumhūrīyah al-ʻArabīyah as-Sūrīyah
Flag of Syria
Coat of arms
Anthem: "حماة الديار" (Arabic)
"Humat ad-Diyar"
(English: "Guardians of the Homeland")
Location of Syria
Location of Syria
and largest city
33°30′N 36°18′E / 33.500°N 36.300°E / 33.500; 36.300
Official languages Arabic
Ethnic groups
  • Syrian Arabs
  • Arameans
  • Kurds
  • Turkomans
  • Assyrians
  • Circassians
  • Armenians
87% Islam
10% Christianity
3% Druzism
Government Unitary dominant-party semi-presidential republic
• President
Bashar al-Assad
• Prime Minister
Imad Khamis
• Vice Presidents
  • Farouk al-Sharaa
  • Najah al-Attar
• Speaker of the People's Council
Hammouda Sabbagh
Legislature People's Council
• Proclamation of Arab Kingdom of Syria
8 March 1920
• State of Syria established under French Mandate
1 December 1924
• Syrian Republic established by merger of States of Jabal Druze, Alawites and Syria
• Independence de-jure (Joint UN / French Mandate ended)
24 October 1945
• Syrian Republic (1946–1963) independent
(French troops leave)
17 April 1946
Secession from the
United Arab Republic
28 September 1961
• Ba'ath party
takes power
8 March 1963
• Current constitution
27 February 2012
• Total
185,180 km2 (71,500 sq mi) (87th)
• Water (%)
• 2018 estimate
Increase 18,284,407 (63rd)
• 2010 census
• Density
118.3/km2 (306.4/sq mi) (70th)
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
• Total
$50.28 billion
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2014 estimate
• Total
$24.6 billion
• Per capita
Gini (2014) 55.8
HDI (2018) Steady 0.536
low · 155th
Currency Syrian pound (SYP)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
Driving side right
Calling code +963
ISO 3166 code SY
Internet TLD .sy
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Flag History of Syria? | How old is Syria Flag Design formation? | How to call Syria?
Categories: Flags introduced in 1980,National symbols of Syria,Flags of Asia,Syria,Arabic-speaking countries and territories,Eastern Mediterranean,Levant,Member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation,Member states of the Union for the Mediterranean,Member states of the United Nations,Mesopotamia,Middle Eastern countries,Near Eastern countries,States and territories established in 1946,Western Asian countries,1946 establishments in Asia,Countries in Asia

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