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Flag of Turkey

Use: National flag and ensign
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: 1844 (Ottoman flag)
1936 (standardized)
Design: A red field with a white star and crescent slightly left of center.
The flag of the Republic of Turkey, often referred to as the Turkish flag (Turkish: Türk bayrağı) is a red flag featuring a white star and crescent. The flag is often called al bayrak (the red flag), and is referred to as al sancak (the red banner) in the Turkish national anthem. The current design of the Turkish flag is directly derived from the late Ottoman flag, which had been adopted in the late 18th century and acquired its final form in 1844. The measures, geometric proportions, and exact tone of red of the flag of Turkey were legally standardized with the Turkish Flag Law on 29 May 1936.

Türkiye Cumhuriyeti (Turkish)
Flag of Turkey
  • "İstiklâl Marşı"
  • "The Independence March"
    as composed by Osman Zeki Üngör
Location of Turkey
Capital Ankara
40°N 33°E / 40°N 33°E / 40; 33Coordinates: 40°N 33°E / 40°N 33°E / 40; 33
Largest city Istanbul
41°1′N 28°57′E / 41.017°N 28.950°E / 41.017; 28.950
Official languages Turkish

Spoken languages

  • Turkish
  • Kurmanji
  • Zaza
  • Laz
  • Kabardian-Cherkess
  • Bosnian
  • Syrian Arabic
  • various others
Ethnic groups
  • Turks
  • Kurds
  • Arabs
  • Laz
  • Circassians
  • Bosnians
  • various others
  • Turkish
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
• President
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
• Vice President
Fuat Oktay
• Assembly Speaker
Mustafa Şentop
Legislature Grand National Assembly
• Battle of Manzikert
26 August 1071
• Anatolian Seljuk Sultanate
• Ottoman Empire
• First Constitutional Era
23 December 1876 and lasted until 14 February 1878
• Second Constitutional Era
23 July 1908 and lasted until 11 April 1920
• War of Independence
19 May 1919
• Grand National Assembly of Turkey
23 April 1920
Treaty of Lausanne
24 July 1923
Declaration of Republic
29 October 1923
• Total
783,356 km2 (302,455 sq mi) (36th)
• Water (%)
• 2018 estimate
Increase 82,003,882 (19th)
• Density
105/km2 (271.9/sq mi) (107th)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
Decrease $2.274 trillion (13th)
• Per capita
Decrease $27,956 (45th)
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
Decrease $706.237 billion (17th)
• Per capita
Decrease $9,346 (60th)
Gini (2016) Positive decrease 41.9
medium · 56th
HDI (2017) Increase 0.791
high · 64th
Currency Turkish lira (₺) (TRY)
Time zone UTC+3 (FET)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Driving side right
Calling code +90
ISO 3166 code TR
Internet TLD .tr
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Flag History of Turkey? | How old is Turkey Flag Design formation? | How to call Turkey?
Categories: Flags with star and crescent,National flags,National symbols of Turkey,Red and white flags,1936 introductions,Turkey,Balkan countries,Southeastern European countries,Southern European countries,Eastern Mediterranean,E7 nations,G20 nations,Member states of NATO,Member states of the Council of Europe,Member states of the Union for the Mediterranean,Member states of the United Nations,Middle Eastern countries,Modern Turkic states,Near Eastern countries,Republics,States and territories established in 1923,Western Asian countries,1923 establishments in Turkey,1923 establishments in Europe,1923 establishments in Asia,Countries in Europe,Countries in Asia

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