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Flag of Spain

Name: Rojigualda
Use: National flag and ensign
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: 15 May 1785 (original version, as naval and coastal fortifications' ensign)
5 October 1981 (current version, as established in the Spanish Constitution)
Design: A horizontal tricolour of red, yellow (double width) and red; charged with the Spanish coat of arms off-centred toward the hoist.
Designed by: Antonio Valdés y Bazán

The flag of Spain (Spanish: Bandera de España), as it is defined in the Spanish Constitution of 1978, consists of three horizontal stripes: red, yellow and red, the yellow stripe being twice the size of each red stripe. Traditionally, the middle stripe was defined by the more archaic term of gualda, and hence the popular name rojigualda (red-weld).

The origin of the current flag of Spain is the naval ensign of 1785, Pabellón de la Marina de Guerra under Charles III of Spain. It was chosen by Charles III himself among 12 different flags designed by Antonio Valdés y Bazán (all projected flags were presented in a drawing which is in the Naval Museum of Madrid). The flag remained marine-focused for much of the next 50 years, flying over coastal fortresses, marine barracks and other naval property. During the Peninsular War the flag could also be found on marine regiments fighting inland. Not until 1820 was the first Spanish land unit (The La Princesa Regiment) provided with one and it was not until 1843 that Queen Isabella II of Spain made the flag official.

Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, the color scheme of the flag remained intact, with the exception of the Second Republic period (1931–1939); the only changes centered on the coat of arms.

Kingdom of Spain

Reino de España (Spanish)
Flag of Spain
Coat of arms
Motto: "Plus ultra" (Latin)
"Further Beyond"
Anthem: "Marcha Real" (Spanish) 
"Royal March"
EU-Spain (orthographic projection).svgShow globe
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Location of
Spain (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green)

Location of Spain
and largest city
40°26′N 3°42′W / 40.433°N 3.700°W / 40.433; -3.700
Official language
and national language
Ethnic groups
  • 87.2% Spaniards
  • 12.8% others
  • 67.0% Roman Catholic
  • 27.2% irreligious
  • 3.1% other religions
  • Spanish
  • Spaniard
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Felipe VI
• Prime Minister
Pedro Sánchez
• President of the Senate
Pío García-Escudero
• President of the Congress of Deputies
Ana Pastor Julián
• President of the Supreme Court
Carlos Lesmes Serrano
Legislature Cortes Generales
• Upper house
• Lower house
Congress of Deputies
• Catholic Monarchs
20 January 1469
De facto
23 January 1516
De jure
9 June 1715
• First constitution
19 March 1812
Current democracy
29 December 1978
EEC accession
1 January 1986
• Total
505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi) (51st)
• Water (%)
• 2018 estimate
Increase 46,733,038 (30th)
• Density
92/km2 (238.3/sq mi) (112th)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$1.864 trillion (16th)
• Per capita
$40,290 (31st)
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
$1.506 trillion (12th)
• Per capita
$32,559 (30th)
Gini (2017) Positive decrease 34.1
medium · 103rd
HDI (2017) Increase 0.891
very high · 26th
Currency Euro (€) (EUR)
Time zone UTC⁠±0 to +1 (WET and CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+1 to +2 (WEST and CEST)
Note: most of Spain observes CET/CEST, except the Canary Islands and Plazas de soberanía which observe WET/WEST
Date format dd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Driving side right
Calling code +34
ISO 3166 code ES
Internet TLD .es
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Flag History of Spain? | How old is Spain Flag Design formation? | How to call Spain?
Categories: National symbols of Spain,Flags of Spain,Flags introduced in 1785,Flags introduced in 1981,National flags, Spain,Countries in Europe,Iberian Peninsula,Member states of NATO,Member states of the Council of Europe,Member states of the European Union,Member states of the Union for the Mediterranean,Member states of the United Nations,Romance countries and territories,Southern European countries,Southwestern European countries,Spanish monarchy,Spanish-speaking countries and territories,Countries in Africa,North African countries

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