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Flag of Portugal

Names: Bandeira das Quinas (Flag of the Five Escutcheons), Bandeira Verde-Rubra (Green-Red Flag)
Use: National flag and ensign
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: 30 June 1911
Design: A 2:3 vertically striped bicolour of green and red, with the lesser coat of arms of Portugal centred over the colour boundary

The flag of Portugal (Portuguese: Bandeira de Portugal) is a rectangular bicolour with a field unevenly divided into green on the hoist, and red on the fly. The lesser version of the national coat of arms (i.e. armillary sphere and Portuguese shield) is centered over the colour boundary at equal distance from the upper and lower edges. On 30 June 1911, less than a year after the downfall of the constitutional monarchy, this design was officially adopted for the new national flag of the First Portuguese Republic, after selection by a special commission whose members included Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro, João Chagas and Abel Botelho.

The conjugation of the new field colours, especially the use of green, was not traditional in the Portuguese national flag's composition and represented a radical republican-inspired change that broke the bond with the former monarchical flag. Since a failed republican insurrection on 31 January 1891, red and green had been established as the colours of the Portuguese Republican Party and its associated movements, whose political prominence kept growing until it reached a culmination period following the Republican revolution of 5 October 1910. In the ensuing decades, these colours were popularly propagandized as representing the hope of the nation (green) and the blood (red) of those who died defending it, as a means to endow them with a more patriotic and dignified, therefore less political, sentiment. Although the flag flown from Porto city hall in the morning of 31 January 1891, symbol of the republican uprising was red and green. Totally red with a green circle in the center, to which were added the inscriptions referring to the republican center to whom it belonged - the Centro Democrático Federal 15 de Novembro.'

The current flag design represents a dramatic change in the evolution of the Portuguese standard, which had always been closely associated with the royal arms, blue and white. Since the country's foundation, the national flag developed from the blue cross-on-white armorial square banner of King Afonso I to the liberal monarchy's arms over a blue-and-white rectangle. In between, major changes associated with determinant political events contributed to its evolution into the current design.

República Portuguesa (Portuguese)
Flag of Portugal
Coat of arms
Anthem: "A Portuguesa"
Location of Portugal (dark green) – in Europe (green & dark grey) – in the European Union (green)
Location of Portugal (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green)

and largest city
38°46′N 9°9′W / 38.767°N 9.150°W / 38.767; -9.150
Official languages Portuguese
Recognised regional languages Mirandese
Ethnic groups
  • 96.3% Portuguese
  • 3.7% Others
  • 81.0% Roman Catholic
  • 3.3% Other Christians
  • 0.6% Other religion
  • 6.8% No religion
  • 8.3% Undeclared
Demonym(s) Portuguese
Government Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic
• President
Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
• Prime Minister
António Costa
Assembly President
Eduardo Ferro Rodrigues
Legislature Assembly of the Republic
• Foundation
• Re-founding
• Sovereignty
24 June 1128
• Kingdom
25 July 1139
• Recognition
5 October 1143
• Papal recognition
23 May 1179
• Restoration
1 December 1640
• Liberal Constitution
23 September 1822
• Republic
5 October 1910
• Democratisation
25 April 1974
• Present Constitution
25 April 1976
• EEC accession
1 January 1986
• Total
92,212 km2 (35,603 sq mi) (109th)
• Water (%)
• 2017 estimate
• 2011 census
• Density
111/km2 (287.5/sq mi) (97th)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• Total
$340.715 billion
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• Total
$239.473 billion
• Per capita
Gini (2017) Positive decrease 32.6
HDI (2017) Increase 0.847
very high · 41st
Currency Euro (€) (EUR)
Time zone UTC−1 (WET (UTC)
• Summer (DST)
Note: Mainland Portugal and Madeira use WET/WEST, the Azores use AZOT/AZOST
Date format dd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Driving side right
Calling code +351
ISO 3166 code PT
Internet TLD .pt
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Flag History of Portugal? | How old is Portugal Flag Design formation? | How to call Portugal?
Categories: Flags of Portugal,Flags introduced in 1911,National flags,National symbols of Portugal,Portugal,Iberian Peninsula,Member states of NATO,Member states of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries,Member states of the Council of Europe,Member states of the European Union,Member states of the Union for the Mediterranean,Member states of the United Nations,Portuguese-speaking countries and territories,RepublicsRomance countries and territories,Southern European countries,Southwestern European countries,Socialist states,Countries in Europe,States and territories established in the 860s

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