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Flag of Poland
Flag of Republic of Poland

Name: Flag of the Republic of Poland
Use: National flag
Proportion: 5:8
Adopted: 1 August 1919 (original)
31 January 1980 (current)
Design: A horizontal bicolour of white and red

The flag of Poland consists of two horizontal stripes of equal width, the upper one white and the lower one red. The two colors are defined in the Polish constitution as the national colors. A variant of the flag with the national coat of arms in the middle of the white stripe is legally reserved for official use abroad and at sea. A similar flag with the addition of a swallow-tail is used as the naval ensign of Poland.

White and red were officially adopted as national colours in 1831. They are of heraldic origin and derive from the tinctures (colours) of the coats of arms of the two constituent nations of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, i.e. the White Eagle of Poland and the Pursuer of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, a white knight riding a white horse, both on a red shield. Prior to that, Polish soldiers wore cockades of various color combinations. The national flag was officially adopted in 1919. Since 2004, Polish Flag Day is celebrated on 2 May.

The flag is flown continuously on the buildings of the highest national authorities, such as the parliament and the presidential palace. Other institutions and many Polish people fly the national flag on national holidays and other special occasions of national significance. Current Polish law does not restrict the use of the national flag without the coat of arms as long as the flag is not disrespected.

Horizontal bicolours of white and red being a relatively widespread design, there are several flags that are similar but unrelated to the Polish one. There are two national flags with the red stripe above the white one: those of Indonesia and Monaco. In Poland, many flags based on the national design also feature the national colours.

Rzeczpospolita Polska (Polish)
Flag of Poland
Coat of arms
Anthem: "Mazurek Dąbrowskiego"
(English: "Poland Is Not Yet Lost")
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Location of Poland (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green) – [Legend]

Location of Poland
and largest city
52°13′N 21°02′E / 52.217°N 21.033°E / 52.217; 21.033
Official languages Polish
Recognised regional language Kashubian
Ethnic groups
  • 98% Polish
  • 2% others or not stated
  • 87.58% Catholic Christian
  • 7.10% Undeclared
  • 1.28% Other faiths
  • 2.41% Irreligious
  • 1.63% Not stated
  • Polish
  • Pole
Government Unitary parliamentary
constitutional republic
• President
Andrzej Duda
• Prime Minister
Mateusz Morawiecki
Legislature National Assembly
• Upper house
• Lower house
• Baptism of Poland
14 April 966
• Kingdom of Poland
18 April 1025
• Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
1 July 1569
• Third Partition of Poland
24 October 1795
• Duchy of Warsaw
22 July 1807
• Congress Poland
9 June 1815
• Second Polish Republic
11 November 1918
• Polish government-in-exile
17 September 1939
• Polish People's Republic
8 April 1945
• Third Polish Republic
13 September 1989
• Accession to the European Union
1 May 2004
• Total
312,696 km2 (120,733 sq mi) (69th)
• Water (%)
• 31 December 2017 estimate
Increase 38,433,600 (35th)
• Density
123/km2 (318.6/sq mi) (83rd)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• Total
$1.281 trillion (22nd)
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• Total
$593.295 billion (20th)
• Per capita
Gini (2017) Positive decrease 29.2
HDI (2017) Increase 0.865
very high · 33rd
Currency Polish złoty (PLN)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
Driving side right
Calling code +48
ISO 3166 code PL
Internet TLD .pl
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Flag History of Poland? | How old is Poland Flag Design formation? | How to call Poland?
Categories: National flags,Flags of Poland,National symbols of Poland,Red and white flags,Poland,Central European countries,Countries in Europe,Eastern European countries,Member states of NATO,Member states of the Council of Europe,Member states of the European Union,Member states of the Union for the Mediterranean,Member states of the United Nations,Republics,Slavic countries and territories,States and territories established in 1918

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