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Flag of The People's Republic of China

Name: Wǔ-xīng Hóng Qí ("Five-starred Red Flag")
Use: Civil and state flag, civil and state ensign
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: 27 September 1949
Design: A large golden star within an arc of four smaller golden stars, in the canton, on a field of red.
Designed by: Zeng Liansong

The flag of China, also known as the Five-starred Red Flag, is a red field charged in the canton (upper corner nearest the flagpole) with five golden stars. The design features one large star, with four smaller stars in a semicircle set off towards the fly (the side farthest from the flag pole). The red represents the communist revolution; the five stars and their relationship represent the unity of the Chinese people under the leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC). The first flag was hoisted by the People's Liberation Army (PLA) on a pole overlooking Beijing's Tiananmen Square on 1 October 1949, at a ceremony announcing the establishment of the People's Republic of China.

Other flags used in the People's Republic use a red background to symbolize the revolution in conjunction with other symbols. The flag of the People's Liberation Army uses the gold star with the Chinese characters 8-1 (for 1 August, the date of the PLA's founding). The flag of the Communist Party of China replaces all of the stars with the party emblem. Due to government regulations, cities and provinces of China cannot have their own flags; the only sub-national flags that exist are those of the Hong Kong and Macau Special Administrative Regions. Despite this, at least two cities have adopted flags after the law was passed. The cities of Kaifeng and Shangrao adopted their flags in March 2006 and March 2009 respectively. This implies that the law is either repealed or not enforced.

People's Republic of China

  • 中华人民共和国 (Chinese)
    Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó (Pinyin)
Flag of China
National Emblem
  • "March of the Volunteers"
    Yìyǒngjūn Jìnxíngqǔ
Area controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.
Area controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.
Capital Beijing
39°55′N 116°23′E / 39.917°N 116.383°E / 39.917; 116.383
Largest city Shanghai
Official languages Standard Chinese
Recognised regional languages
  • Mongolian
  • Uyghur
  • Tibetan
  • Zhuang
  • various others
Official script Simplified Chinese
Ethnic groups
  • 91.51% Han
See Religion in China
Demonym(s) Chinese
Government Unitary one-party socialist republic
• Party General Secretary
and President
Xi Jinping
• Premier
Li Keqiang
Congress Chairman
Li Zhanshu
Conference Chairman
Wang Yang
• First Secretary of the Party Secretariat
Wang Huning
• Secretary of the Discipline Inspection Commission
Zhao Leji
• First Vice Premier
Han Zheng
• Vice President
Wang Qishan
Legislature National People's Congress
• First pre-imperial dynasty
c. 2070 BCE
• First imperial dynasty
221 BCE
• Republic established
1 January 1912
• Proclamation of the People's Republic
1 October 1949
• Current constitution
4 December 1982
• Last polity admitted
20 December 1999
• Total
9,596,961 km2 (3,705,407 sq mi) (3rd/4th)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
Increase1,403,500,365 (1st)
• 2010 census
1,339,724,852 (1st)
• Density
145/km2 (375.5/sq mi) (83rd)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• Total
$27.331 trillion (1st)
• Per capita
$19,520 (73rd)
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• Total
$14.216 trillion (2nd)
• Per capita
$10,153 (67th)
Gini (2015) 46.2
HDI (2018) Increase 0.752
high · 86th
Currency Renminbi (yuan; ¥) (CNY)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard Time)
Date format
  • yyyy-mm-dd
  • or yyyymd
  • (CE; CE-1949)
Driving side right
Calling code +86
ISO 3166 code CN
Internet TLD
  • .cn
  • .中國
  • .中国
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Categories: National flags,Flags introduced in 1949,Flags of the People's Republic of China,Flags adopted through competition,States and territories established in 1949,China,Atheist states,BRICS nations,East Asian countries,G20 nations,Member states of the United Nations,Northeast Asian countries

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