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Flag of Nepal

Name: Nepali Flag, Triangle Flag, Chandra ra Surya, Jungi Nishan
Use: Civil and state flag, national ensign
Adopted: 16 December 1962
Design: A combination of two red pennons (pennants) with the large blue border around the unique shape of two overlapping right triangles: the smaller upper triangle bears the white stylised moon (the rising sun on the horizontal crescent moon) and the larger lower triangle displays the white twelve-pointed sun.
The national flag of Nepal (Nepali: नेपालको झण्डा) is the world's only non-quadrilateral flag that acts as both the state flag and civil flag of a sovereign nation. The flag is a simplified combination of two single pennons (or pennants), known as a double-pennon. Its crimson red is the symbol of bravery and it also represents the colour of the rhododendron, Nepal's national flower, while the blue border is the colour of peace. Until 1962, the flag's emblems, the sun and the crescent moon, had human faces, but they were removed to modernize the flag.

The current flag was adopted on 16 December 1962, along with the formation of a new constitutional government. It borrows from the original, traditional design, used throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, and is a combination of the two individual pennons used by rival branches of the ruling dynasty.

After Prithvi Narayan Shah unified all small principalities of Nepal, the double-pennon flag was adopted. In modern times, the flag's symbolism has evolved to incorporate several meanings. The crimson red indicates the bravery of Nepali people and is the country's national color and the blue border represents peace and harmony. The colors are often found in Nepalese decoration and works of art. The triangular shape of the pennons originally represented the Himalayas, with their sizing denoting important families - Shahs for the upper, and the Ranas below. Another theory is that the two points represented peace and hard work, using the symbols of the moon and sun respectively. However, the modern and government sanctioned representation is of Hinduism and Buddhism, the main religions of the country.

The inclusion of the celestial bodies indicates Nepal's permanence and the hope that Nepal will enjoy the same longevity as the Sun and the Moon. Additionally, the stylized moon represents the calm demeanor and purity of spirit of the Nepali people, while the stylised sun represents their fierce resolve. Further, the moon also symbolizes the cool weather of the Himalayas, whereas the sun symbolizes the heat and the high temperature of the Nepali lowlands (Terai).

Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal

  • सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल (Nepali)
  • Saṅghīya Lokatāntrik Gaṇatantra Nepāl
Flag of Nepal
Motto: जननी जन्मभूमिश्च स्वर्गादपि गरीयसी (Sanskrit)
Mother and Motherland are Greater than Heaven (English)
Anthem: सयौं थुँगा फूलका (Nepali)
Made of Hundreds of Flowers (English)
Location of Nepal
Location of Nepal
and largest city
28°10′N 84°15′E / 28.167°N 84.250°E / 28.167; 84.250Coordinates: 28°10′N 84°15′E / 28.167°N 84.250°E / 28.167; 84.250
Official languages Nepali (at national level; in 6 provinces)
Maithili and Bhojpuri (at national level; in 1 province)
English (de facto lingua franca; legal documents)[citation needed]
Recognised national languages
  • Awadhi
  • Bhojpuri
  • Bajjika
  • Doteli
  • Gurung
  • Kiranti
  • Limbu
  • Magar
  • Maithili
  • Newar
  • Rai
  • Tharu
  • Urdu
Ethnic groups
81.3% Hinduism
9% Buddhism
4.4% Islam
3% Kirant
1.4% Christianity
0.4% Animism
0.5% Irreligion
Demonym(s) Nepalese
Government Federal parliamentary republic
• President
Bidhya Devi Bhandari
• Vice President
Nanda Kishor Pun
• Prime Minister
KP Sharma Oli
• Chief Justice
Cholendra Shumsher JBR
Assembly Chairman
Ganesh Prasad Timilsina
• House Speaker
Krishna Bahadur Mahara
Legislature Federal Parliament
• Upper house
National Assembly
• Lower house
House of Representatives
Kingdom declared
25 September 1768
• State declared
18 May 2006[6]
Republic declared
29 May 2008
• Current constitution
20 September 2015
• Total
147,181 km2 (56,827 sq mi) (93rd)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
28,982,771 (48th)
• 2011 census
• Density
180/km2 (466.2/sq mi) (62nd)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$84 billion
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
$27 billion
• Per capita
Gini (2010) Negative increase 32.8
HDI (2017) Increase 0.574
medium · 149th
Currency Nepalese rupee रू (NPR)
Time zone UTC+05:45 (Nepal Standard Time)
DST not observed
Driving side left
Calling code +977
ISO 3166 code NP
Internet TLD
  • .np
  • .नेपाल
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Flag History of Nepal? | How old is Nepal Flag Design formation? | How to call Nepal?
Categories: Flags of Nepal,National symbols of Nepal,National flags,Flags introduced in 1847,Flags introduced in 1962, Colonial History of Nepal,Nepal,Federal constitutional republics,Former monarchies of Asia,Historical Hindu kingdoms,Landlocked countries,Least developed countries,Member states of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation,Member states of the United Nations,Mount Everest,Nepali-speaking countries and territories,Newar,South Asian countries,States and territories established in 1768,Countries in Asia

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