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Flag of Mexico

Use: National flag and ensign
Proportion: 4:7
Adopted: September 16, 1968
Design: A vertical tricolor of green, white and red with the National Coat of Arms centered on the white band.

The flag of Mexico (Spanish: Bandera de México) is a vertical tricolor of green, white, and red with the national coat of arms charged in the center of the white stripe. While the meaning of the colors has changed over time, these three colors were adopted by Mexico following independence from Spain during the country's War of Independence, and subsequent First Mexican Empire. The form of the coat of arms was most recently revised in 1968, but the overall design has been used since 1821, when the First National Flag was created.

Red, white, and green are the colors of the national army in Mexico. The central emblem is the Mexican coat of arms, based on the Aztec symbol for Tenochtitlan (now Mexico City), the center of the Aztec empire. It recalls the legend of an eagle sitting on a cactus while devouring a serpent that signaled to the Aztecs where to found their city, Tenochtitlan. A ribbon in the national colors is at the bottom of the coat of arms. Throughout history, the flag has changed several times, as the design of the coat of arms and the length-width ratios of the flag have been modified. However, the coat of arms has had the same features throughout: an eagle, holding a serpent in its talon, is perched on top of a prickly pear cactus; the cactus is situated on a rock that rises above a lake. The coat of arms is derived from an Aztec legend that their gods told them to build a city where they spot an eagle on a nopal eating a serpent, which is now Mexico City.

The current law of national symbols, Law on the National Arms, Flag, and Anthem, that governs the use of the national flag has been in place since 1984. The current national flag is also used as the Mexican naval ensign by ships registered in Mexico.

Design and symbolism

The official design of the Mexican flag can be found in Article 3 of the Law on the National Arms, Flag, and Anthem, passed in 1984. While the exact shades of the flag have not been defined by law, in 2001 it was reported, through a personal communication, to Flags of the World that the Interior Ministry (Secretaría de Gobernación) has suggested the following tones in the Pantone system; nevertheless, the ministry has not officially ruled on the matter. So far, there are not official printed documents nor statements on the color shades. The Pantone colors listed below were employed by the London Organising Committee of the Olympic Games and Paralympic Games Limited in its "Flag Manual". while 2008 Beijing Olympic Games Flag Manual proposed others.

Estados Unidos Mexicanos (Spanish)
Flag of Mexico
File:Seal of the Government of Mexico (linear).svg
Coat of arms
"Himno Nacional Mexicano"
(English: "Mexican National Anthem")
"Toque de Bandera"
(English: "Presenting of the Flag")
Location of Mexico
and largest city
Mexico City
19°26′N 99°08′W / 19.433°N 99.133°W / 19.433; -99.133
Official languages

None at federal level

Recognized regional languages

Spanish and 68 Amerindian languages

National language Spanish (de facto)

83% Catholic

7% Protestant

2% Other christian

5% Non-religious

0.2% Other

3% No answer

Demonym(s) Mexican
Government Federal presidential
constitutional republic
• President
Andrés Manuel López Obrador
• President of the Senate
Martí Batres
• President of the Chamber of Deputies
Porfirio Muñoz Ledo
Legislature Congress
• Upper house
• Lower house
Chamber of Deputies
from Spain
• Declared
September 16, 1810
• Consummated
September 27, 1821
• Recognized
December 28, 1836
• First constitution
October 4, 1824
• Second constitution
February 5, 1857
• Current constitution
February 5, 1917
• Total
1,972,550 km2 (761,610 sq mi) (13th)
• Water (%)
• 2019 estimate
126,577,691[5] (10th)
• Density
61/km2 (158.0/sq mi) (142nd)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$2.575 trillion (11th)
• Per capita
$20,645 (64th)
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
$1.199 trillion (16th)
• Per capita
$9,614 (69th)
Gini (2016) Negative increase 49.8
HDI (2017) Increase 0.774
high · 74th
Currency Peso (MXN)
Time zone UTC−8 to −5 (See Time in Mexico)
• Summer (DST)
UTC−7 to −5 (varies)
Driving side right
Calling code +52
ISO 3166 code MX
Internet TLD .mx
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Flag History of Mexico? | How old is Mexico Flag Design formation? | How to call Mexico?
Categories: National flags,Flags of Mexico,Flags of Texas,National symbols of Mexico, Mexico,Countries in North America,Federal constitutional republics,Former Spanish colonies,E7 nations,G15 nations,G20 nations,Member states of the United Nations,Spanish-speaking countries and territories,States and territories established in 1810

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