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Flag of Madagascar

Use: National flag and ensign
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: 14 October 1958
Design: Two horizontal bands of red and green with a white vertical band on the hoist side

Variant flag of Madagascar

Use: Presidential standard
Proportion: 2:3
The flag of Madagascar was adopted on 14 October 1958, two years before the independence of that nation, as Madagascar prepared for a referendum on its status in the French Community.

The colors of the flag represent Madagascar's history and traditional peasant classes. Red and white were the colors of the Merina kingdom, which succumbed to France in 1896. They were used in the flag of the last Merina monarch, Queen Ranavalona III. They may indicate the ethnic origins of the Malagasy people in Southeast Asia, and are shared by the flag of Indonesia. Green was the color of the Hova, the largest class of peasant commoners, who played a significant role in anti-French agitation and the independence movement.

Republic of Madagascar

Repoblikan'i Madagasikara (Malagasy)

République de Madagascar (French)

Flag of Madagascar
  • "Fitiavana, Tanindrazana, Fandrosoana" (Malagasy)
  • "Amour, Patrie, Progrès" (French)
  • "Love, Fatherland, Progress"[1]
Anthem: Ry Tanindrazanay malala ô!
Oh, Beloved Land of our Ancestors!
Location of Madagascar (dark blue) – in Africa (light blue & dark grey) – in the African Union (light blue)
Location of Madagascar (dark blue)

– in Africa (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union (light blue)

Location of Madagascar
and largest city
18°55′S 47°31′E / 18.917°S 47.517°E / -18.917; 47.517
Official languages



Ethnic groups

26% Merina

15% Betsimisaraka

12% Betsileo

7% Tsimihety

6% Sakalava

5% Antaisaka

5% Antandroy

24% others

Demonym(s) Malagasy
Government Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic
• President
Andry Rajoelina
• Prime Minister
Christian Ntsay
• Senate President
Rivo Rakotovao
• President of the National Assembly
Rakotomamonjy Jean Max
Legislature Parliament
• Upper house
• Lower house
National Assembly
• from France
26 June 1960
• Current constitution
17 November 2010
• Total
587,041 km2 (226,658 sq mi) (46th)
• Water
5,501 km2 (2,124 sq mi)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
24,894,551 (52nd)
• 1993 census
• Density
35.2/km2 (91.2/sq mi) (174th)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$40.055 billion
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$10.372 billion
• Per capita
Gini (2010) 44.1
HDI (2017) Increase 0.519
low · 161st
Currency Malagasy ariary (MGA)
Time zone UTC+3 (EAT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (not observed)
Driving side right
Calling code +261
ISO 3166 code MG
Internet TLD .mg
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Flag History of Madagascar? | How old is Madagascar Flag Design formation? | How to call Madagascar?
Categories: Flags of Africa,National symbols of Madagascar,Flags introduced in 1958,National flags, Madagascar,Island countries of the Indian Ocean,Islands of Madagascar,East African countries,Southeast African countries,Former French colonies,French-speaking countries and territories,Least developed countries,Member states of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie,Member states of the African Union,Member states of the United Nations,States and territories established in 1960,1960 establishments in Madagascar,1960 establishments in Africa,Physiographic provinces,Republics,Countries in Africa

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