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Flag of Luxembourg

Use: National flag
Proportion: 1:2 or 3:5
Adopted: 1993
Design: A horizontal triband of red, white and light blue

Variant flag of Luxembourg

Use: National flag

Variant flag of Luxembourg

Use: Civil flag and ensign
Proportion: 1:2 or 3:5 (civil) and 5:7 (ensign)
The flag of Luxembourg (Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuerger Fändel, German: Flagge Luxemburgs, French: Drapeau du Luxembourg) consists of three horizontal stripes, red, white and blue, and can be in 1:2 or 3:5 ratio. It was first used between 1845 and 1848 and officially adopted in 1993. It is informally called in the country, «rout, wäiß, blo,» (lit. red, white, sky blue).

Luxembourg had no flag until 1830, when patriots were urged to display the national colours. The flag was defined as a horizontal tricolour of red, white, and blue in 1848, but it was not officially adopted until 1993. The tricolour flag is almost identical to Flag of the Netherlands, except that it is longer and its blue stripe and red stripe are a lighter shade. The red, white, and blue colours were derived from the coat of arms of the House of Luxembourg.

The colours of the flag of Luxembourg were first adopted around 1830 during the Belgian Revolution. They were probably derived from the counts, dukes and later grand-dukes of Luxembourg's coat of arms which in turn was derived from the combination of the dukes of Limbourg's Lion and the supposed striped banner of the early counts of Luxembourg. The three-coloured horizontal design was fixed on 12 June 1845.

It took until 1993 before a law was passed regulating the flag of Luxembourg. The same law also prescribed ensign and roundel for aircraft and ships registered in Luxembourg.

One important clarification brought by this law was that the color blue was defined as being a very bright blue, in contrast to the flag of the Netherlands (exactly the same design, but the Dutch flag uses dark blue and a less oblong shape).

The heraldric blazon for the flag is per fess Gules and Azure, a fess Argent.

Grand Duchy of Luxembourg

Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg (Luxembourgish)

Grand-Duché de Luxembourg (French)

Großherzogtum Luxemburg (German)

Flag of Luxembourg
Coat of arms
"Mir wëlle bleiwe wat mir sinn" (Luxembourgish)
"Nous voulons rester ce que nous sommes" (French)
"Wir wollen bleiben, was wir sind" (German)
"We want to remain what we are"
Anthem: "Ons Heemecht"
("Our Homeland")

Royal anthem: "De Wilhelmus"a
Location of
Luxembourg (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green)

and largest city
Luxembourg City
49°48′52″N 06°07′54″E / 49.81444°N 6.13167°E / 49.81444; 6.13167Coordinates: 49°48′52″N 06°07′54″E / 49.81444°N 6.13167°E / 49.81444; 6.13167
Official languages French
Nationality (2017)
  • 50.9% Luxembourgers
  • 18.2% Portuguese
  • 13.5% French
  • 10.3% Germans
  • 7.1% Other
Demonym(s) Luxembourgish, Luxembourger
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch (list)
• Prime Minister (list)
Xavier Bettel
• Co-Deputy Prime Ministers
Etienne Schneider,
Félix Braz
Legislature Chamber of Deputies
• from the French Empire and elevation to Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
15 March 1815
• Independence in personal Union with the Netherlands (Treaty of London)
19 April 1839
• Reaffirmation of Independence Treaty of London
11 May 1867
• End of personal union with the Kingdom of the Netherlands
23 November 1890
• from the German Reich
1944 / 1945
• Admitted to the United Nations
24 October 1945
• Founded the EEC
1 January 1958
• Total
2,586.4 km2 (998.6 sq mi) (168th)
• Water (%)
• January 2018 estimate
Increase 602,005 (164th)
• 2001 census
• Density
233.7/km2 (605.3/sq mi) (58th)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• Total
$70.926 billion (94th)
• Per capita
$114,825 (2nd)
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• Total
$77.436 billion (71st)
• Per capita
$125,364 (1st)
Gini (2017) Positive decrease 30.9
medium · 19th
HDI (2017) Increase 0.904
very high · 21st
Currency Euro (€)b (EUR)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
Driving side right
Calling code +352
ISO 3166 code LU
Internet TLD .luc
  1. Not the same as the Het Wilhelmus of the Netherlands.
  2. Before 1999, Luxembourgish franc.
  3. The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.
  4. ^ "CIA – The World Factbook – Field Listing – Distribution of family income – Gini index". United States government. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Flag History of Luxembourg? | How old is Luxembourg Flag Design formation? | How to call Luxembourg?
Categories: National symbols of Luxembourg,National flags,1845 establishments in Luxembourg,Flag controversies, Luxembourg,Benelux,Duchy of Luxembourg,French-speaking countries and territories,German-speaking countries and territories,Landlocked countries,Member states of NATO,Member states of the Council of Europe,Member states of the European Union,Member states of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie,Member states of the Union for the Mediterranean,Member states of the United Nations,NUTS 1 statistical regions of the European Union,NUTS 2 statistical regions of the European Union,States and territories established in 1815,States of the German Confederation,Western European countries,Countries in Europe

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