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Flag of Italy

Name: Tricolore
Use: National flag
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: 18 June 1946
Design: A vertical tricolour of green, white and red

Variant flag of the Italy

Use: Civil ensign
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: 9 November 1948
Design: A defaced Italian tricolour

Variant flag of the Italy

Use: State ensign
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: 24 October 2003
Design: A defaced Italian tricolour

Variant flag of the Italy

Use: Naval ensign
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: 9 November 1947
Design: A defaced Italian tricolour

The flag of Italy (Italian: Bandiera d'Italia), often referred to in Italian as il Tricolore (Italian: [il trikoˈloːre]); is a tricolour featuring three equally-sized vertical pales of green, white and red, with the green at the hoist side. Its current form has been in use since 18 June 1946 and was formally adopted on 1 January 1948.

The first entity to use the Italian tricolour was the Cispadane Republic in 1797, which supplanted Milan after Napoleon's victorious army crossed Italy in 1796. The colours chosen by the Cispadane Republic were red and white, which were the colours of the recently conquered flag of Milan; and green, which was the colour of the uniform of the Milanese civic guard. During this time, many small French-proxy republics of Jacobin inspiration supplanted the ancient absolute Italian states and almost all, with variants of colour, used flags characterised by three bands of equal size, clearly inspired by the French model of 1790.

Some have attributed particular values to the colours, and a common interpretation is that the green represents the country's plains and the hills; white, the snow-capped Alps; and red, blood spilt in the Wars of Italian Independence and Unification. A more religious interpretation is that the green represents hope, the white represents faith, and the red represents charity; this references the three theological virtues.

Italian Republic

Repubblica Italiana (Italian)
Flag of Italy
Anthem: Il Canto degli Italiani (Italian)
"The Song of the Italians"

Flag anthem: "Onori e Inno Nazionale" (Italian)
"Honors and National anthem"
EU-Italy (orthographic projection).svgShow globe
EU-Italy.svgShow map of Europe
Location of Italy (dark green)

– in Europe (light green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (light green) – [Legend]

Location of Italy
and largest city
41°54′N 12°29′E / 41.900°N 12.483°E / 41.900; 12.483
Official languages Italian
Native languages see full list
Ethnic groups
  • 91.5% Italians
  • 8.5% others
  • 74.4% Catholic Church
  • 22.6% Irreligious
  • 3.0% others
Demonym(s) Italian
Government Unitary parliamentary republic
• President
Sergio Mattarella
• Prime Minister
Giuseppe Conte
• President of the Senate
Elisabetta Casellati
President of the
Chamber of Deputies
Roberto Fico
Legislature Parliament
• Upper house
Senate of the Republic
• Lower house
Chamber of Deputies
• Unification
17 March 1861
• Treaty of Versailles
28 June 1919
• Republic
2 June 1946
• Current constitution
1 January 1948
Founded the EEC (now EU)
1 January 1958
• Total
301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) (71st)
• Water (%)
• 2017 estimate
Increase 60,483,973 (23rd)
• Density
201.3/km2 (521.4/sq mi) (63rd)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$2.397 trillion (12th)
• Per capita
$39,636 (33rd)
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
$2.072 trillion (8th)
• Per capita
$34,260 (25th)
Gini (2017) Positive decrease 32.7
HDI (2017) Increase 0.880
very high · 28th
Currency Euro (€)b (EUR)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Driving side right
Calling code +39c
ISO 3166 code IT
Internet TLD .itd
  1. German is co-official in South Tyrol; French is co-official in the Aosta Valley; Slovene is co-official in the province of Trieste and the province of Gorizia; Ladin is co-official in South Tyrol, in Trentino and in other northern areas; Sardinian is co-official in Sardinia.
  2. Before 2002, the Italian lira. The euro is accepted in Campione d'Italia but its official currency is the Swiss franc.
  3. To call Campione d'Italia, it is necessary to use the Swiss code +41.
  4. The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Flag History of Italy? | How old is Italy Flag Design formation? | How to call Italy?
Categories: Italian culture,National flags,Flags of Italy,Italian unification,National symbols of Italy, Italy,G7 nations,G8 nations,G20 nations,Italian-speaking countries and territories,Member states of NATO,Member states of the Council of Europe,Member states of the European Union,Member states of the Union for the Mediterranean,Member states of the United Nations,Republics,Romance countries and territories,Southern European countries,States and territories established in 1861,1861 establishments in Europe,Countries in Europe

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