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Flag of India
Flag of India

Name: Tiraṅgā (meaning "Tricolour")
Use: National flag IFIS Normal.svg
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: 22 July 1947; 71 years ago
Design: A horizontal triband of India saffron, white, and India green; charged with a navy blue wheel with 24 spokes in the centre
Designed by: Pingali Venkayya

The National Flag of India is a horizontal rectangular tricolour of India saffron, white and India green; with the Ashoka Chakra, a 24-spoke wheel, in navy blue at its centre. It was adopted in its present form during a meeting of the Constituent Assembly held on 22 July 1947, and it became the official flag of the Dominion of India on 15 August 1947. The flag was subsequently retained as that of the Republic of India. In India, the term "tricolour" (Hindi: तिरंगा, translit. Tiraṅgā) almost always refers to the Indian national flag. The flag is based on the Swaraj flag, a flag of the Indian National Congress designed by Pingali Venkayya.

By law, the flag is to be made of khadi, a special type of hand-spun cloth or silk, made popular by Mahatma Gandhi. The manufacturing process and specifications for the flag are laid out by the Bureau of Indian Standards. The right to manufacture the flag is held by the Khadi Development and Village Industries Commission, who allocates it to regional groups. As of 2009, the Karnataka Khadi Gramodyoga Samyukta Sangha has been the sole manufacturer of the flag.

Usage of the flag is governed by the Flag Code of India and other laws relating to the national emblems. The original code prohibited use of the flag by private citizens except on national days such as the Independence day and the Republic Day. In 2002, on hearing an appeal from a private citizen, Naveen Jindal, the Supreme Court of India directed the Government of India to amend the code to allow flag usage by private citizens. Subsequently, the Union Cabinet of India amended the code to allow limited usage. The code was amended once more in 2005 to allow some additional use including adaptations on certain forms of clothing. The flag code also governs the protocol of flying the flag and its use in conjunction with other national and non-national flags.

Republic of India

Bhārat Gaṇarājya
Horizontal tricolor flag bearing, from top to bottom, deep saffron, white, and green horizontal bands. In the centre of the white band is a navy-blue wheel with 24 spokes.
Three lions facing left, right, and toward viewer, atop a frieze containing a galloping horse, a 24-spoke wheel, and an elephant. Underneath is a motto: "सत्यमेव जयते".
State emblem
Motto: "Satyameva Jayate" (Sanskrit)
"Truth Alone Triumphs"
Anthem: "Jana Gana Mana" (Hindi)
"Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People"
National song
"Vande Mataram" (Sanskrit)
"I Bow to Thee, Mother"
Image of a globe centred on India, with India highlighted.
Area controlled by India shown in dark green;
regions claimed but not controlled shown in light green.
Capital New Delhi
28°36′50″N 77°12′30″E / 28.61389°N 77.20833°E / 28.61389; 77.20833
Largest city Mumbai
18°58′30″N 72°49′40″E / 18.97500°N 72.82778°E / 18.97500; 72.82778
Official languages
  • Hindi
  • English
Recognised regional languages
National language None
  • 79.8% Hinduism
  • 14.2% Islam
  • 2.3% Christianity
  • 1.7% Sikhism
  • 0.7% Buddhism
  • 0.4% Jainism
  • 0.9% others[c]
See Religion in India
Demonym(s) Indian
Membership UN, WTO, BRICS, SAARC, SCO, G8+5, G20, Commonwealth of Nations
Government Federal parliamentary republic
• President
Ram Nath Kovind
• Vice President
Venkaiah Naidu
• Prime Minister
Narendra Modi
• Chief Justice
Ranjan Gogoi
• Speaker of the Lok Sabha
Sumitra Mahajan
Legislature Parliament
• Upper house
Rajya Sabha
• Lower house
Lok Sabha
from the United Kingdom
• Dominion
15 August 1947
• Republic
26 January 1950
• Total
3,287,263 km2 (1,269,219 sq mi) (7th)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
Increase1,324,171,354 (2nd)
• 2011 census
1,210,854,977 (2nd)
• Density
401.1/km2 (1,038.8/sq mi) (31st)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$10.505 trillion (3rd)
• Per capita
$7,873 (116th)
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
$2,716 trillion (6th)
• Per capita
$2,036 (133rd)
Gini (2013) 33.9
medium · 79th
HDI (2017) Increase 0.640
medium · 130th
Currency Indian rupee (₹) (INR)
Time zone UTC+05:30 (IST)
DST is not observed
Date format dd-mm-yyyy
Driving side left
Calling code +91
ISO 3166 code IN
Internet TLD .in (others)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Flag History of India? | How old is India Flag Design formation? | How to call India?
Categories: Flags of India, National symbols of India, National flags, 1947 establishments in India, India, BRICS nations,Commonwealth republics,English-speaking countries and territories,Federal republics,E7 nations,G15 nations,G20 nations,Hindustani-speaking countries and territories,Member states of the Commonwealth of Nations,Member states of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation,Member states of the United Nations,South Asian countries,States and territories established in 1947,Countries in Asia

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