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Flag of Guatemala

Use: State and war flag, state and naval ensign
Proportion: 5:8
Adopted: 1871
Design: A vertical triband of light blue (hoist-side and fly-side) and white with the National Emblem centered on the white band.

Variant flag of Guatemala

Use: Civil flag and ensign
Proportion: 5:8
Adopted: 1871
Design: A vertical triband of light blue (hoist-side and fly-side) and white.
The flag of Guatemala, often referred to as "Pabellón Nacional" (literally, "National Flag") or "Azuliblanco" ("Blue and White") features two colors: Maya blue and white. The two sky blue stripes represent the fact that Guatemala is a land located between two oceans, the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean (Caribbean sea); and the sky over the country (see Guatemala's national anthem). The white signifies peace and purity. The blue and white colors, like those of several other countries in the region, are based on the flag of the former Federal Republic of Central America.

In the center of the flag is the Guatemalan coat of arms. It includes the resplendent quetzal, the national bird of Guatemala that symbolizes liberty; a parchment scroll bearing the date of Central America's independence from Spain, 15 September 1821; crossed rifles, indicating Guatemala's willingness to defend itself by force if need be; a bay laurel crown, the symbol for victory; and crossed swords, representing honor. The flag is one of only three national flags of UN member states to feature a firearm, the others being those of Mozambique and Haiti.

The Federal Republic of Central America flag was used in Guatemala until 1851, when a pro-Spanish faction took over and added the Spanish colors of red and yellow to the flag. The original colors were restored on August 17, 1871, but as vertical (rather than horizontal) stripes in order to distinguish it from other flags and with a new coat of arms.

The resplendent quetzal previously appeared in the 1830s in the flag of Los Altos, the sixth state in the Federal Republic.

Bandera de los Pueblos, flag attributed to indigenous peoples.
In 2008 a flag called the Bandera de Los Pueblos (Flag of indigenous peoples) was adopted by law and is shown together with the national flag of Guatemala in all events featuring the President of Guatemala since then. The flag is divided in four parts, red, yellow, white and black, each colour representing Xinca people, Garifuna people, Maya peoples and Ladino people, respectively.

These colours are also part of the Q'anil, a Maya symbol in which each color represents a point of the compass, an element of nature and a part of the human being. Q'anil means "seed" in Maya script, and is also used for one of the 20 days of the Maya calendar. Aimed at promoting "interculturality" in Guatemala, the Bandera de los Pueblos was received with coolness by the leaders of the peoples, who do not seem to have been consulted.

Republic of Guatemala

República de Guatemala (Spanish)
Flag of Guatemala
Coat of arms
  • "Libre Crezca Fecundo"[1] (Spanish)
    (English: "Grow Free and Fertile")
Himno Nacional de Guatemala
(English: "National Anthem of Guatemala")
La Granadera
(English: "The Song of the Grenadier")
Location of Guatemala (dark green) Claimed area, but not controlled (light green) in Central America (grey)
Location of Guatemala (dark green)
Claimed area, but not controlled (light green)

in Central America (grey)

Location of Guatemala
and largest city
Guatemala City
14°38′N 90°30′W / 14.633°N 90.500°W / 14.633; -90.500
Official languages Spanish
Ethnic groups

41.5% Mestizo

41% Indigenous peoples

  • (9.1% K'iche'
  • 8.4% Kaqchikel
  • 7.9% Mam
  • 6.3% Q'eqchi'
  • 8.6% Other Maya
  • 0.2% Non-Maya indigenous
  • 0.1% Others)

18% European

Demonym(s) Guatemalan
Chapín (informal)
Government Unitary presidential republic
• President
Jimmy Morales
• Vice President
Jafeth Cabrera
• President of the Congress
Álvaro Arzú Escobar
• President of the Supreme Court
Néster Vásquez Pimentel
Legislature Congress of the Republic
from the Spanish Empire
• Declared
15 September 1821
Declared from the
First Mexican Empire
1 July 1823
Current constitution
31 May 1985
• Total
108,889 km2 (42,042 sq mi) (105th)
• Water (%)
• 2018 estimate
Increase 17,263,239 (67th)
• Density
129/km2 (334.1/sq mi) (85th)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$145.249 billion (75th)
• Per capita
$8,413 (118th)
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
$79.109 billion (68th)
• Per capita
$4,582 (103rd)
Gini (2014) 48.3
HDI (2015) Increase 0.640
medium · 128th
Currency Quetzal (GTQ)
Time zone UTC−6 (CST)
Driving side right
Calling code +502
ISO 3166 code GT
Internet TLD .gt
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Flag History of Guatemala? | How old is Guatemala Flag Design formation? | How to call Guatemala?
Categories: 1871 introductions,National symbols of Guatemala,National flags, Guatemala,Countries in Central America,Former Spanish colonies,Member states of the United Nations,Republics,Spanish-speaking countries and territories,States and territories established in 1821,1821 establishments in North America,Countries in North America,Northern Triangle of Central America

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