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Flag of Greece

Names: "I Galanolefki" (The Blue and White), "I Kyanolefki" (The Azure and White)
Use: National flag and ensign
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: 22 December 1978 (Naval Ensign 1822–1978, National Flag 1969–70; 1978 to date)
Design: Nine horizontal stripes, in turn blue and white; a white cross on a blue square field in canton.
The national flag of Greece, popularly referred to as the "sky-blue - white" or the "blue-white" (Greek: Γαλανόλευκη or Κυανόλευκη), officially recognised by Greece as one of its national symbols, is based on nine equal horizontal stripes of blue alternating with white. There is a blue canton in the upper hoist-side corner bearing a white cross; the cross symbolises Eastern Orthodox Christianity, the established religion of the Greek people of Greece and Cyprus. The blazon of the flag is Azure, four bars Argent; on a canton of the field a Greek cross throughout of the second. The official flag ratio is 2:3. The shade of blue used in the flag has varied throughout its history, from light blue to dark blue, the latter being increasingly used since the late 1960s. It was officially adopted by the First National Assembly at Epidaurus on 13 January 1822.

According to popular tradition, the nine stripes represent the nine syllables of the phrase "Ελευθερία ή Θάνατος" ("Freedom or Death"), the five blue stripes for the syllables "Ελευθερία" and the four white stripes "ή Θάνατος". The nine stripes are also said to represent the letters of the word "freedom" (Greek: ελευθερία). There is also a different theory, that the nine stripes symbolise the nine Muses, the goddesses of art and civilisation (nine has traditionally been one of the numbers of reference for the Greeks).

Blue and white have been interpreted as symbolising the colours of the famed Greek sky and sea.

The origins of today's national flag with its cross-and-stripe pattern are a matter of debate. Every part of it, including the blue and white colors, the cross, as well as the stripe arrangement can be connected to very old historical elements; however, it is difficult to establish "continuity", especially as there is no record of the exact reasoning behind its official adoption in early 1822.

It has been suggested by some Greek historians that the current flag derived from an older design, the virtually identical flag of the powerful Cretan Kallergis family. This flag was based on their coat of arms, whose pattern is supposed to be derived from the standards of their claimed ancestor, Byzantine Emperor Nicephorus II Phocas (963–969 AD). This pattern (according to not easily verifiable descriptions) included nine stripes of alternating blue and white, as well as a cross, assumed to be placed on the upper left. Although the use of alternating blue and white - or silver - stripes on (several centuries-old) Kallergis' coats of arms is well documented, no depiction of the above described pattern (with the nine stripes and the cross) survives.

The stripe-pattern of the Greek flag is visibly similar to that used (though with different colors) in several other flags that have appeared over the centuries, most notably that of the British East India Company's pre-1707 flag or the flag of the United States.

Hellenic Republic

Ελληνική Δημοκρατία
Ellinikí Dimokratía (Greek)
Flag of Greece
Coat of arms
Motto: «Ελευθερία ή Θάνατος»
Elefthería í Thánatos
"Freedom or Death"
Anthem: «Ύμνος εις την Ελευθερίαν»
Ýmnos eis tin Eleftherían
"Hymn to Liberty"
Location of Greece (dark green) – in Europe (green & dark grey) – in the European Union (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of Greece (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green) – [Legend]

and largest city
37°58′N 23°43′E / 37.967°N 23.717°E / 37.967; 23.717
Official language
and national language
Eastern Orthodoxy
Demonym(s) Greek
Government Unitary parliamentary republic
• President
Prokopis Pavlopoulos
• Prime Minister
Alexis Tsipras
• Speaker of the Parliament
Nikos Voutsis
Legislature Hellenic Parliament
Establishment history
• Independence declared
from the Ottoman Empire
25 March 1821 (traditional starting date of the Greek War of Independence), 15 January 1822 (official declaration)
• Recognised
3 February 1830
Current constitution
11 June 1975
• Total
131,957 km2 (50,949 sq mi) (95th)
• Water (%)
• 2017 estimate
• 2011 census
10,816,286 (80th)
• Density
82/km2 (212.4/sq mi) (125th)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• Total
$326.700 billion (57th)
• Per capita
$30,522 (47th)
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• Total
$224.033 billion (52nd)
• Per capita
$20,930 (38th)
Gini (2017) Positive decrease 33.4
medium · 60th
HDI (2017) Increase 0.870
very high · 31st
Currency Euro (€) (EUR)
Time zone UTC+2 (Eastern European Time)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (Eastern European Summer Time)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Driving side right
Calling code +30
ISO 3166 code GR
Internet TLD .gra
  1. The .eu domain is also used, as in other European Union member states.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Flag History of Greece? | How old is Greece Flag Design formation? | How to call Greece?
Categories: 1822 introductions,National flags,Flags of Greece,National symbols of Greece,Flags with crosses, Greece, 1821 establishments in Europe,Balkan countries,Countries in Europe,Member states of NATO,Member states of the Council of Europe,Member states of the European Union,Member states of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie,Member states of the Union for the Mediterranean,Member states of the United Nations,Republics,Southeastern European countries,Southern European countries,States and territories established in 1821,Christian states

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