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Flag of Ghana

Use: National flag and state ensign
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: 1957
28 February 1966 (readoption)
Design: A horizontal triband of red, gold, and green, charged with a black star in the centre
Designed by: Theodosia Okoh

Variant flag of Ghana

Use: Civil ensign
Proportion: 2:3
Design: A red field with the national flag, fimbriated in black, in the canton

Variant flag of Ghana

Use: Naval ensign
Proportion: 2:3
Design: Red St. George's Cross on white centrrensign, with the national flag in canton.
The national flag of Ghana was designed and adopted in 1957 and was flown until 1962, and then reinstated in 1966. It consists of the Pan-African colours of red, gold, and green, in horizontal stripes, with a black five-pointed star in the centre of the gold stripe. The Ghanaian flag was the second African flag after the flag of the Ethiopian Empire to feature these colours. The flag's design influenced that of the flag of Guinea-Bissau (1973). The flag of Ghana was designed by Theodosia Okoh (1922–2015).

The red represents the blood of those who died in the country's struggle for independence from Great Britain, the gold represents the mineral wealth of the country, the green symbolises the country's rich forests and natural wealth, and the black star is the symbol of African emancipation. The black star was adopted from the flag of the Black Star Line, a shipping line incorporated by Marcus Garvey that operated from 1919 to 1922. It is where the Ghana national football team derive their nickname, the "Black Stars".

National ensign
Under terms of section 183 of Ghana's Merchant Shipping Act of 1963, the civil ensign is a red flag with the national flag in a black-fimbriated canton. In 2003, a new merchant shipping act was enacted, however, and this simply provides that "the National Flag of Ghana" is the proper national colours for Ghanaian ships. No mention is made of other flags or other possible flags.
The naval ensign is a red St. George's Cross on white flag, with the national flag in canton.

Air force ensign and civil air ensign

The Ghana Air Force has its own ensign that incorporates the flag of Ghana. Civil aviation in Ghana is represented by the national civil air ensign. It is a standard light-blue field with the Ghanaian flag in the canton. It is charged in the fly with either a red, yellow and green roundel (in the case of the military ensign) or black five-pointed star (in the case of the civil ensign). Both have been used since Independence in 1957, and the subsequent founding of the Ghana Air Force in 1959.

Republic of Ghana
Flag of Ghana
Coat of arms
Motto: "Freedom and Justice"

"God Bless Our Homeland Ghana"

Location of Ghana
and largest city
5°33′N 0°12′W / 5.550°N 0.200°W / 5.550; -0.200
Official languages English
Recognised national languages British English (official Language)

Asante Twi, Akuapem dialect, Akuapem Twi, Bono, Dagaare, 

Dagbani, Dangme, Ewe, Ga, Gonja, Kasem, Mampruli, 

Fante, Nzema, Wasa, Talensi, Frafra, Kusaal, Hausa, 

Ghanaian Sign Language

Ethnic groups

47.5% Akans

16.6% Mole-Dagbani Dagbani

13.9% Ewe

7.4% Ga-Adangbe

5.7% Gurma

5.0% Fulani

3.7% Guan / Gonja

2.5% Gurunsi

1.2% Kusasi

1.1% Bissa / Mande

1.6% Other

Demonym(s) Ghanaian

Unitary presidential

constitutional republic

• President

Nana Akufo-Addo
• Vice-President
Mahamudu Bawumia
Legislature Parliament
Independencefrom the United Kingdom
• Dominion
6 March 1957
• Republic
1 July 1960
• Current constitution
28 April 1992
• Total
239,567 km2 (92,497 sq mi) (80th)
• Water (%)
4.61 (11,000 km; 4,247 mi2)
• 2016 estimate
28,308,301 (45th)
• 2010 census
• Density
101.5/km2 (262.9/sq mi) (103rd)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$145 billion
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
$58.92 billion
• Per capita
Gini (2012) 42.4
HDI (2017) Increase 0.592
medium · 140th
Currency Ghanaian cedi (GHS)
Time zone UTC+0 (GMT)
Driving side right
Calling code +233
ISO 3166 code GH
Internet TLD .gh
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Flag History of Ghana? | How old is Ghana Flag Design formation? | How to call Ghana?
Categories: Flags introduced in 1957,National symbols of Ghana,Flags of Africa,National flags, Ghana, Commonwealth republics, Economic Community of West African States, English-speaking countries and territories, Member states of the African Union, Member states of the Commonwealth of Nations, Member states of the United Nations, States and territories established in 1957, West African countries, 1957 establishments in Ghana, Countries in Africa

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