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Name: Tierra de Volcanes Soberbios
"Land of Superb Volcanoes" (in Spanish)
Use: State and war flag, naval ensign
Proportion: 189:335,[1] approximately 4:7
Adopted: May 27, 1912
Design: A horizontal triband of blue (top and bottom) and white with the National Coat of Arms centered on the white band.

Variant flag of El Salvador

Use: Civil flag
Proportion: 3:5

Variant flag of El Salvador
Variant flag of El Salvador

Use: State and war flag, civil and state ensign
Proportion: 3:5
The flag of El Salvador features a horizontal triband of blue-white-blue, with the coat of arms centered and entirely contained within the central white stripe. This design of a triband of blue-white-blue is commonly used among Central American countries.


The colors signify:

Royal Cobalt Blue: represents the great sky and two massive oceans of Central America.
White: represents peace, concordia and solidarity with the world
Golden Amber: represents the entire bold phraseology in the flag, the coat of arms of El Salvador; the bold equilateral triangle, 5 indigenous spears, beaming solar rays, scroll, the bold motto (God Union Liberty) and the bold etymology (Republic of El Salvador in Central America)

The flag contains the national coat of arms with the bold golden amber words "REPUBLICA DE EL SALVADOR EN LA AMERICA CENTRAL" (English: Republic of El Salvador in Central America). There are two variant flags, one without the coat of arms, and the other with the words "DIOS UNION LIBERTAD" (English: God, Union, Liberty) in bold golden amber in place of the coat of arms. All three contain the same cobalt blue and white stripes. The main flag has an aspect ratio of 189:335; the variants are both 3:5.

From 1865 to 1912, a different flag was in use, with a field of alternating cobalt blue and white stripes and a red canton containing white stars. The designs of both sides of the flag are different; at the reverse side, it shows the then national coat of arms at the position of stars at obverse. The stars symbolized the provinces of the Republic; once a new province was created, one star was add to the obverse of the flag. This "Star-Striped" banner was considered to be inspired by the flag of the United States.

The blue stripes symbolize the ocean and sky. The white means Peace. Blue is an important color in Salvadoran culture and identity. It started with Native American cultures of Mesoamerica in El Salvador, that produced (añil) indigo plant which they used extracts to produce blue dyes. When the Europeans invaded and colonized the area, they saw the wealth of indigo and turned El Salvador to one of the world's foremost providers of indigo dye in its time.

Synonymous to the country's wealth, the colonizers referred to the dye as "the blue gold", that dominated El Salvador's economy until it was completely replaced by coffee cultivation. Today El Salvador remains as one of the few countries in the world that still cultivates indigo to produce blue dyes. Over time El Salvador's flag has had several different shades of blue, from the lightest to darkest, including Royal blue, Klein Blue and Indigo dye. The present current modern flag displays a Cobalt Blue color.

Republic of El Salvador

República de El Salvador (Spanish)
Flag of El Salvador
Coat of arms
Motto: "Dios, Unión, Libertad" (Spanish)
English: "God, Unity, Freedom"
Anthem: Himno Nacional de El Salvador
(English: "National Anthem of El Salvador")
Location of El Salvador
Location of El Salvador
and largest city
San Salvador
13°40′N 89°10′W / 13.667°N 89.167°W / 13.667; -89.167
Official languages Spanish
Ethnic groups
  • 86.3% Mestizo
  • 12.7% White
  • 0.23% Indigenous
  • 0.13% Black
  • 0.64% Other
Demonym(s) Salvadoran
Guanaco (informal)
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
• President
Salvador Sánchez Cerén
• Vice President
Óscar Ortiz
Legislature Legislative Assembly
Declared from Spain
September 15, 1821
Declared from the
Federal Republic
of Central America
June 12, 1824
• Becomes an independent nation
February 18, 1841
• Total
21,041 km2 (8,124 sq mi) (148th)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
6,344,722 (99th)
• Density
303.1/km2 (785.0/sq mi) (47th)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$53.667 billion (101st)
• Per capita
$8,388 (111th)
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
$25.855 billion (103rd)
• Per capita
$4,041 (113th)
Gini (2016) Positive decrease 40.6
HDI (2017) Decrease 0.674
medium · 121st
Currency United States dollara (USD)
Time zone UTC−6 (CST)
Driving side right
Calling code +503b
ISO 3166 code SV
Internet TLD .sv
  1. The United States dollar is the currency in use. Financial information can be expressed in U.S. dollars and in Salvadoran colón, but the colón is out of circulation.
  2. Telephone companies (market share): Tigo (45%), Claro (25%), Movistar (24%), Digicel (5.5%), Red (0.5%).
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Flag History of El Salvador? | How old is El Salvador Flag Design formation? | How to call El Salvador?
Categories: Flags introduced in 1912,National flags,National symbols of El Salvador, 1821 establishments in North America,Countries in North America,Countries in Central America,El Salvador,Former Spanish colonies,Member states of the United Nations,Republics,Spanish-speaking countries and territories,States and territories established in 1821,Northern Triangle of Central America

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