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Flag of the Czech Republic

Use: National flag, civil and state ensign
Proportion: 2:3
Adopted: 1 January 1993
30 March 1920
Design: Two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red with a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side.
Designed by: Jaroslav Kursa

The national flag of the Czech Republic (Czech: státní vlajka České republiky) is the same as the flag of former Czechoslovakia. Upon the dissolution of Czechoslovakia, the Czech Republic kept the Czechoslovak flag while Slovakia adopted its own flag. The first flag of Czechoslovakia was based on the flag of Bohemia and was white over red. This was almost identical to the flag of Poland (only the proportion was different), so a blue triangle was added at the hoist in 1920. The flag was banned by the Nazis in 1939, and a horizontal tricolor of white, red, and blue was enforced. The 1920 flag was restored in 1945.

The traditional colours of the Czech lands, originating from an 1192 coat of arms (depicting a rampant lion with a double silver tail on a field of red).

After the establishment of an independent Czechoslovakia in 1918, the country had been using the red and white flag of Bohemia, identical to the Polish flag. Following calls for a new flag to be adopted by the fledgling state, a committee picked a design by Jaroslav Kursa, an archivist in the Czechoslovak Ministry of the Interior. His design included the red and white horizontal stripes derived from the coat of arms of Bohemia and added a blue chevron extended halfway

The flag was officially approved by the National Assembly of Czechoslovakia on 30 March 1920 and since then, it has been in continuous use, with the exception of the German occupation of Czechoslovakia during World War II. Additionally, during a short period following the Velvet Revolution, between 1990 and 1992, the Czech part of the Czechoslovak federated state adopted the previous red and white flag.

During the 1992 negotiations on the split of Czechoslovakia, a clause forbidding the use of the state symbols of Czechoslovakia by either successor state was inserted into the legislation concerning the dissolution of the federation. The Czech Republic violated this clause, passing legislation overruling the previous agreement and keeping the use of the flag.

Czech Republic

Česká republika (Czech)
Flag of the Czech Republic
Greater coat of arms
Motto: "Pravda vítězí" (Czech)
"Truth prevails"
  • Kde domov můj (Czech)
  • Where is my home
Location of the Czech Republic (dark green) – in Europe (green & dark grey) – in the European Union (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of the Czech Republic (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green) – [Legend]

Location of the Czech Republic
and largest city
50°05′N 14°28′E / 50.083°N 14.467°E / 50.083; 14.467
Official language Czech
Officially recognized languages
Ethnic groups
  • 64.3% Czechs
  • 25.3% unspecified
  • 5.0% Moravians
  • 1.4% Slovaks
  • 1.0% Ukrainians
  • 3.0% other
  • 44.7% undeclared
  • 34.5% non-religious
  • 10.5% Catholic
  • 2.1% other Christians
  • 0.7% other religions
Demonym(s) Czech
Government Unitary parliamentary
constitutional republic
• President
Miloš Zeman
• Prime Minister
Andrej Babiš
Legislature Parliament
• Upper house
• Lower house
Chamber of Deputies
Establishment history
• Duchy of Bohemia
c. 870
• Kingdom of Bohemia
• Czechoslovakia
28 October 1918
• Federalization of Czechoslovakia
1 January 1969
• Czech Republic became independent
1 January 1993
Joined the European Union
1 May 2004
• Total
78,866 km2 (30,450 sq mi) (115th)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
Increase 10,610,947  (84th)
• 2011 census
• Density
134/km2 (347.1/sq mi) (87th)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• Total
$417 billion (36th)
• Per capita
$39,337 (34th)
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• Total
$264 billion (36th)
• Per capita
$24,938 (37th)
Gini (2017) Positive decrease 24.5
low · 5th
HDI (2017) Increase 0.888
very high · 27th
Currency Czech koruna (CZK)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
Driving side right
Calling code +420b
Patron saint St. Wenceslaus
ISO 3166 code CZ
Internet TLD .czc
  1. The question is rhetorical, implying "those places where my homeland lies".
  2. Code 42 was shared with Slovakia until 1997.
  3. Also .eu, shared with other European Union member states.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Flag History of The Czech Republic? | How old is The Czech Republic Flag Design formation? | How to call The Czech Republic?
Categories: National flags,Flags of the Czech Republic,National symbols of the Czech Republic,Flags introduced in 1920,1920 establishments in Czechoslovakia, Czech Republic, Central Europe,Central European countries,Countries in Europe,Czech-speaking countries and territories,Eastern European countries,Landlocked countries,Member states of NATO,Member states of the Council of Europe,Member states of the European Union,Member states of the United Nations,Republics,Slavic countries and territories,States and territories established in 1993

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