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Flag of Cuba
Flag of Cuba

Use: National flag and ensign
Proportion: 1:2
Adopted: July 26th, 1953
Design: Five horizontal stripes of blue alternate with white with the red equilateral triangle based on the hoist-side bearing the white five-pointed star in the center.
Designed by: Narciso López Miguel Teurbe Tolon

The national flag of Cuba consists of five alternating stripes (three blue and two white) and a red equilateral triangle at the hoist, within which is a white five-pointed star. It was designed in 1849 and officially adopted May 20, 1902.

It is one of the two flags of a currently socialist country (the other being Laos) that does not use any communist symbolism.

After fighting for the Spanish Crown against the rebel armies of Venezuela, Narciso López moved from his native Caracas to Havana, Cuba. His involvement in anti-colonial movements forced him into exile. In 1849 he moved to New York City, where he continued to advocate for an independent Cuba.

The three blue stripes represent the three departments in which Cuba was divided at that time, the white purity of ideals, the light; the red triangle, originating from the French Revolution – and the three ideals of liberty, equality and fraternity: red for the blood and the courage; the star was the new state that should be added to the United States.

The poet Miguel Teurbe Tolón designed the flag alongside López, based upon the story of López's vision. Emilia Teurbe Tolón, Miguel's wife, sewed the first flag. López and Tolón, together with José Aniceto Iznaga Borrell, his nephew José María Sánchez Iznaga, Cirilo Villaverde and Juan Manuel Macias, settled upon the final design for the flag of Cuba: two white stripes, three blue, a red triangle, a lone star.

Narciso López used this same flag in 1850 to carry out his coup attempt to liberate Cuba from Spanish rule, which resulted in failure. The coastal town of Cardenas was the first town that saw the lone star flag hoisted on May 19, 1850, in the taking of the city by Cuban rebels.

A year after the start of the Ten Years' War, the first Constituent Assembly of the Republic of Cuba met arms in Guáimaro, Camagüey Province. The debate focused between two flags of great symbolism, the Demajagua – which was very similar to the Chilean flag – created by Carlos Manuel de Céspedes to give start to the war of independence, and the Lone Star of Narciso López, the latter being chosen since Narciso López had taken the first step for the freedom of Cuba. The Demajagua flag was not scrapped, but instead, was put in the sessions of the House of Representatives and retained as part of the national treasure.

On the morning of May 20, 1902, the day Cuba officially became an independent republic, Generalissimo Máximo Gómez had the honor of hoisting the flag on the flagpole of the castles of the Tres Reyes del Morro, Havana; therefore sealing with this act the end of the Cuban revolution, the end of struggle for Cuban independence, and at the same time justifying the sacrifice that so many offered to make this dream become reality.

Both the flag and the coat of arms were designed by Miguel Teurbe Tolón. The design of both specifications were established by decree of the first President of Cuba, Tomás Estrada Palma, on April 21, 1906, and have remained unchanged since then.

Subsequent use
In April 1869, Narciso López's flag was designated the national banner by the Congress of the Republic of Cuba. López's flag was the model for the flag of Puerto Rico adopted in 1892 by the Puerto Rican Revolutionary Committee, a pro-independence group that worked under the auspices of Cuban Revolutionary Party.

After the United States seized Cuba from Spain during the Spanish–American War, the U.S. flag flew from January 1, 1899, until independence was granted. On May 20, 1902, the Cuban national flag was hoisted as a symbol of independence and sovereignty. It has been used ever since, remaining unchanged after the Cuban Revolution of 1959. During the revolution, Cuban president Fidel Castro's 26th of July Movement created a party flag equally divided in red and black like the Angolan national flag usually in horizontal stripes and often with inscriptions, which is often flown on public buildings.

Republic of Cuba

República de Cuba (Spanish)
Flag of Cuba
A shield in front of a fasces crowned by the Phrygian Cap, all supported by an oak branch and a laurel wreath
Coat of arms
"¡Patria o Muerte, Venceremos!" (Spanish)
"Homeland or Death, we shall overcome!"
Anthem: La Bayamesa
Bayamo Song
CUB orthographic.svg
Location of Cuba
and largest city
23°8′N 82°23′W / 23.133°N 82.383°W / 23.133; -82.383
Official languages Spanish
Ethnic groups
  • 64.1% White
  • 26.6% Mixed
    (including Mulatto, Mestizo, Zambo, or Pardo)
  • 9.3% Black
Demonym(s) Cuban
Government Unitary Marxist–Leninist one-party socialist republic
• First Secretary of the Communist Party
Raúl Castro
• President
Miguel Díaz-Canel
First Vice President
Salvador Valdés Mesa
• Second Secretary of the Communist Party
José Machado Ventura
• President of the
National Assembly
Esteban Lazo Hernández
Legislature National Assembly of People's Power
• Declaration of Independence
10 October 1868
• War of Independence
24 February 1895
• Recognized (handed over from Spain to the United States)
10 December 1898
• Republic declared (independence from United States)
20 May 1902
• Cuban Revolution
26 July 1953 – 1 January 1959
• Current constitution
24 February 1976
• Total
109,884 km2 (42,426 sq mi) (104th)
• Water (%)
• 2017 census
Decrease 11,221,060 (82nd)
• Density
102.1/km2 (264.4/sq mi) (114th)
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
• Total
US$ 254.865 billion
• Per capita
US$ 22,237
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
US$ 96.851 billion (63th)
• Per capita
US$ 8,433 (76th)
Gini (2000) 38.0[10]
HDI (2017) Increase 0.777
high · 73rd
  • Peso (CUP)
  • Convertible pesoa
Time zone UTC−5 (CST)
• Summer (DST)
Driving side right
Calling code +53
ISO 3166 code CU
Internet TLD .cu
Official Website
  1. From 1993 to 2004, the United States dollar was used alongside the peso until the dollar was replaced by the convertible peso.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Categories: 1848 introductions,National symbols of Cuba,National flags, Cuba,Countries in the Caribbean,Eastern Bloc,Former Spanish colonies,Member states of the United Nations,Republics,Spanish Caribbean,Spanish-speaking countries and territories,States and territories established in 1902,Small Island Developing States,1902 establishments in North America,Countries in North America,Island countries

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