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Flag of North Macedonia

Use: National flag and ensign
Proportion: 1:2
Adopted: 5 October 1995 (as established in the Constitution of North Macedonia)
Design: A stylised yellow sun on a red field, with eight broadening rays extending from the centre to the edge of the field.
Designed by: Miroslav Grčev

The flag of North Macedonia (Macedonian: Знаме на Северна Македонија) depicts a stylized yellow sun on a red field, with eight broadening rays extending from the center to the edge of the field. It was created by Miroslav Grčev and was adopted on 5 October 1995. The first flag of the country featured the Vergina Sun which had been discovered at Aigai, the first capital and burial ground of the ancient kings of Macedon. Greece considers the Vergina Sun to be a Greek symbol and imposed a year-long economic embargo in order to force the then Republic of Macedonia to remove it from its flag, resulting in the current design. The new eight-rayed sun represents the "new sun of Liberty" referred to in Denes nad Makedonija, the national anthem of North Macedonia.

The change of the flag was at first not accepted by conservative Macedonians, nationalists, and Greek patriots. In the first years after the change, both flags were officially flown for a long time. Between 1995 and 1998, in the municipalities where then-opposition party VMRO-DPMNE ruled, only the old flag was flown from institution buildings. Popular opinion was divided about the merits of changing the flag; a survey carried out before the Assembly's vote found that a majority of the population, 56.33 percent, supported the adoption of a new flag. The Assembly voted for the new flag by an overwhelming majority of 110 in favor, one against, and four abstaining.

Republic of North Macedonia

  • Република Северна Македонија
  • Republika e Maqedonisë së Veriut
Flag of North Macedonia
National emblem
Денес над Македонија (Macedonian)
(English: "Today over Macedonia")
Location of North Macedonia (green)

in Europe (dark grey) – [Legend]

and largest city
42°0′N 21°26′E / 42.000°N 21.433°E / 42.000; 21.433
Official languages Macedonian
  • Official regional languages
  • Turkish
  • Romani
  • Serbian
  • Bosnian
  • Aromanian
Ethnic groups
  • 64.2% Macedonians
  • 25.2% Albanians
  • 3.9% Turks
  • 2.7% Romani
  • 1.8% Serbs
  • 0.8% Bosniaks
  • 0.5% Aromanians
  • 0.9% other / unspecified
Demonym(s) Macedonian
Government Unitary parliamentary republic
• President
Gjorge Ivanov
• Prime Minister
Zoran Zaev
• Chairman of the Assembly
Talat Xhaferi
Legislature Assembly
• Independence declared
from SFR Yugoslavia
8 September 1991
• Officially recognised
by the United Nations
8 April 1993
• Official name changed
to Republic of North Macedonia
12 February 2019
• Total
25,713 km2 (9,928 sq mi) (145th)
• Water (%)
• 2017[3] estimate
2,103,721 est.
• 2002 census
• Density
80.1/km2 (207.5/sq mi) (122nd)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• Total
$33.822 billion
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• Total
$12.383 billion
• Per capita
Gini (2016)

Positive decrease 33.6 


HDI (2017) Increase 0.757
high · 80th
Currency Macedonian denar (MKD)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Driving side right
Calling code +389
Patron saint Saint Clement of Ohrid
ISO 3166 code MK
Internet TLD
  • .mk
  • .мкд
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Flag History of North Macedonia? | How old is North Macedonia Flag Design formation? | How to call North Macedonia?
Categories: Flags of North Macedonia,Flags introduced in 1995,National symbols of North Macedonia,National flags,North Macedonia,Balkan countries,Landlocked countries,Member states of the Council of Europe,Member states of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie,Member states of the United Nations,Republics,Slavic countries and territories,Southeastern European countries,Southern European countries,States and territories established in 1991,1991 establishments in the Republic of Macedonia,Countries in Europe

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