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The national flag of Angola came into use at when Angola gained independence on November 11, 1975. It is split horizontally into an upper red half and a lower black half with an emblem resting at the center. It features a yellow half gear wheel crossed by a machete and crowned with a star.

History
The Angolan flag is based on the flag of the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), which fought Portuguese colonial rule and emerged as the ruling party of Angola following the Angolan Civil War. The MPLA flag is similar to the flag of Angola but features a star in place of the central emblem.

Description
The National Flag of the Republic of Angola has two horizontal bands of red and black with the Machete and Gear Emblem in gold in the center consisted of a five pointed-star within a half gear wheel crossed by a machete (resembling the hammer and sickle used on the Soviet flag). As outlined in the Constitution of Angola, the red half of the flag signifies bloodshed during Angola's independence struggle, and the black half symbolizes Africa. In the central emblem, the gear represents industrial workers, the machete represents peasantry and the star is shaped like the red star, symbolized socialism. The flag is most recently described and explained in article 162 of the Constitutional Law of the Republic of Angola (Constitution) of August 25, 1992.

Republic of Angola

República de Angola  (Portuguese)
Flag of Angola
Flag
Emblem of Angola
Emblem
Motto: 
  • Virtus Unita Fortior  (Latin)
  • (English: "Virtue is stronger when united")
Anthem: "Angola Avante"
(English: "Onwards Angola")
Location of Angola (dark blue) in the African Union (light blue)
Location of Angola (dark blue)

in the African Union (light blue)

Capital
and largest city
Luanda
8°50′S 13°20′E / 8.833°S 13.333°E / -8.833; 13.333
Official languages Portuguese
Co-official languages
  • Kikongo
  • Kimbundu
  • Umbundu
Ethnic groups
(2000)
36% Ovimbundu
25% Ambundu
13% Bakongo
22% other African
2% Mestiço
1% Chinese
1% European
Demonym(s) Angolan
Government Unitary dominant-party presidential constitutional republic
• President
João Manuel Gonçalves Lourenço
• Vice President
Bornito de Sousa
Legislature National Assembly
Formation
• Independence from Portugal, under Communist rule
11 November 1975
• United Nations full membership
22 November 1976
• Current constitution
21 January 2010
Area
• Total
1,246,700 km2 (481,400 sq mi) (22nd)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2014 census
25,789,024
• Density
20.69/km2 (53.6/sq mi) (199th)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• Total
$208.034 billion (64th)
• Per capita
$6,850 (107th)
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• Total
$124.600 billion (61st)
• Per capita
$4,101 (91st)
Gini (2009) 42.7
medium
HDI (2017) Increase 0.581
medium · 147th
Currency Kwanza (AOA)
Time zone UTC+1 (WAT)
Driving side right
Calling code +244
ISO 3166 code AO
Internet TLD .ao
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Categories: Angola,1975 establishments in Angola,Bantu countries and territories,Central African countries,Countries in Africa,Former Portuguese colonies,Least developed countries,Member states of OPEC,Member states of the African Union,Member states of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries,Member states of the United Nations,Portuguese-speaking countries and territories,Republics,Southern African countries,States and territories established in 1975

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