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The flag of Albania (Albanian: flamuri i Shqipërisë) is a red flag with a silhouetted black double-headed eagle in the center. The red stands for bravery, strength and valor, while the double-headed eagle represents the sovereign state of Albania. The flag was established as the national flag of Albania when the country gained its independence from the Ottoman empire in 1912.

Coat of Arms of the noble Kastrioti Family. According to records, Gjergj Kastriot Skanderbeg raised a red flag with the black eagle over Krujë.
During John Hunyadi's campaign at Niss in 1443, Skanderberg and a few hundred Albanians defected from the Turkish ranks; for twenty-five years he scored remarkable victories against the Ottomans. He adopted the Byzantine double-headed eagle flag, and his spectacular victories brought him the papal title Athleta Christi. The eagle was used for heraldic purposes in the Middle Ages by a number of noble families in Albania and became the symbol of the Albanians. The Kastrioti's coat of arms, depicting a black double-headed eagle on a red field, became famous when he led a revolt against the Ottoman Empire resulting in the independence of Albania from 1443 to 1479. This was the flag of the League of Lezhë, which was the first unified Albanian state in the Middle Ages and the oldest Parliament with extant records.

The symbol of the double-headed eagle was re-used by Albanian nationalists during the 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries as a symbol of their campaign for their country's independence from the Ottoman Empire. On 28 November 1912, the Albanian Declaration of Independence was proclaimed in Vlora and the flag, raised by Ismail Qemali, was adopted as the symbol of the new nation.

The Albanian flag has gone through a number of changes over the years as different regimes have modified it. During the reign of King Zog (r. 1928–1939), a crown was added to the flag and was replaced by two fasces during the Italian occupation of Albania. After World War II, the communist regime added a five-pointed golden star, which was removed on 7 April 1992 after the communist government in Albania collapsed.

Albania's maritime flags—the civil ensign and the naval ensign—are both different from the national flag. The civil ensign consists of three horizontal bands of red, black, and red. The naval ensign is similar to the national flag, except that the eagle is on a white field, and the lower portion of the flag has a red stripe. The eagle of the flag of Albania is depicted on the reverse of the Albanian five lekë coin, issued in 1995 and 2000.

Beginning in 1969, the flag of Albania was widely unofficially flown in Kosovo by the country's ethnic Albanian population. It was the symbol of the unrecognized Republic of Kosova during the 1990s. The current independent state of Kosovo uses a different flag that was designed to avoid any symbols associated with a particular ethnic group.

Republic of Albania

Republika e Shqipërisë
Red flag with a black double-headed eagle in the center.
Flag
Coat of arms of Albania.svg
Coat of arms
Motto: Ti Shqipëri, më jep nder, më jep emrin Shqipëtar (Albanian)
You Albania, give me honour, give me the name Albanian
Anthem: Himni i Flamurit (Albanian)
(English: "Hymn to the Flag")
Albania (orthographic projection).svg
Capital
and largest city
Tirana
41°19′N 19°49′E / 41.317°N 19.817°E / 41.317; 19.817
Official languages Albanian
Recognised minority languages
  • Greek
  • Aromanian
  • Macedonian
  • others
Demonym(s) Albanian
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
• President
Ilir Meta
• Prime Minister
Edi Rama
Legislature Kuvendi
Establishment history
• Principality of Arbanon
1190
• Kingdom of Albania
February 1272
• Princedom of Albania
1368
• League of Lezhë
2 March 1444
• Proclamation of independence from the Ottoman Empire
28 November 1912
• Principality of Albania (Recognised)
29 July 1913
• 1st Republic of Albania
31 January 1925
• Kingdom of Albania
1 September 1928
• 2nd Republic of Albania
11 January 1946
• 3rd Republic of Albania
28 December 1976
• 4th Republic of Albania
Current constitution
29 April 1991

28 November 1998
Area
• Total
28,748 km2 (11,100 sq mi) (140th)
• Water (%)
4.7
Population
• January 2017 estimate
Increase 2,876,591
• 2011 census
2,821,977
• Density
98/km2 (253.8/sq mi) (63rd)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$38.315 billion
• Per capita
$13,330
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
$15.121 billion
• Per capita
$5,261
Gini (2013) 34.5
medium
HDI (2018) Increase 0.785
high · 68th
Currency Lek (ALL)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Driving side right
Calling code +355
ISO 3166 code AL
Internet TLD .al
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Categories: Flags introduced in 1912,National symbols of Albania,National flags,Southern European countries,Southeastern European countries,Balkan countries,Member states of NATO,Member states of the Council of Europe,Member states of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie,Member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation,Member states of the Union for the Mediterranean,Member states of the United NationsRepublics,States and territories established in 1912,Countries in Europe

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