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The national flag of Afghanistan (Pashto: د افغانستان رپی; Dari Persian: پرچم افغانستان)[1] consists of a vertical tricolor with the classical National Emblem in the center. The current flag was adopted on August 19, 2013, but many similar designs had been in use throughout most of the 20th century.

The black color represents its troubled 19th century history as a protected state, the red color represents the blood of those who fought for independence (specifically, the Anglo-Afghan Treaty of 1919), and the green represents hope and prosperity for the future.

Afghanistan has had 26 different flags since the first flag when the Hotaki dynasty was established in 1709. During the 20th century alone, Afghanistan went through 19 different national flags, more than any other country during that time period, and most of them had the colors black, red, and green on them.

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

  • جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان (Dari)
  • Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Afġānestān
  • د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت (Pashto)
  • Da Afġānistān Islāmī Jumhoryat
Flag of Afghanistan
National emblem
Motto: لا إله إلا الله، محمد رسول الله
"Lā ʾilāha ʾillā llāh, Muhammadun rasūlu llāh"
"There is no God but Allah; Muhammad is the messenger of Allah. (Shahada)
Anthem: Millī Surūd
ملي سرود
(English: "National Anthem")
Location of Afghanistan
and largest city
34°32′N 69°08′E / 34.533°N 69.133°E / 34.533; 69.133
Official languages
  • Dari
  • Pashto
Ethnic groups
  • 42.1% Pashtun
  • 33.6% Tajik
  • 10.6% Uzbek
  • 9.8% Hazara
  • 3.9% others
  • 99.7% Muslims
  • 0.3% others
Demonym(s) Afghan
Government Unitary presidential Islamic republic
• President
Ashraf Ghani
• 1st Vice President
Abdul Rashid Dostum
• 2nd Vice President
Sarwar Danish
• Chief Executive Officer
Abdullah Abdullah
Legislature National Assembly
• Upper house
House of Elders
• Lower house
House of the People
Hotak Empire
21 April 1709
Durrani Empire
October 1747
• Recognized
19 August 1919
9 June 1926
17 July 1973
• Current constitution
26 January 2004
• Total
652,230 km2 (251,830 sq mi) (40th)
• Water (%)
• 2018 estimate
31,575,018 (45th)
• Density
46/km2 (119.1/sq mi) (174th)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$72.911 billion (96th)
• Per capita
$2,024 (169th)
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
$21.657 billion (111st)
• Per capita
$601 (177th)
Gini (2008) Positive decrease 27.8
low · 1st
HDI (2017) Increase 0.498
low · 168th
Currency Afghani (Afs) (AFN)
Time zone UTC+4:30 Solar Calendar (D†)
Driving side right
Calling code +93
ISO 3166 code AF
Internet TLD .af افغانستان.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Flag History of Afghanistan? | How old is Afghanistan Flag Design formation? | How to call Afghanistan?
Categories: National symbols of Afghanistan,Flags of Afghanistan,Flags introduced in 2013,Flags representing the Shahada,National flags,Afghanistan,Central Asian countries,Iranian Plateau,Islamic republics,Landlocked countries,Least developed countries,Member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation,Member states of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation,Member states of the United Nations,Pashto-speaking countries and territories,Persian-speaking countries and territories,Iranian countries and territories,South Asian countries,States and territories established in 1709,States and territories established in 1747,Territories under military occupation,1709 establishments in Asia,Countries in Asia

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